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Interaction Between Groundwater and Surface Water of Channel Network at Žitný Ostrov Area

  • P. Dušek
  • Y. Velísková
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 69)

Abstract

Surface water-groundwater interaction is a dynamic process which can be influenced by many factors most associated with the hydrological cycle. Besides the fluctuation of surface water and groundwater levels and their gradient, this interaction is also influenced by the parameters of the aquifer (regional and local geology and its physical properties). The next significant factors are precipitation, the water level regime of rivers or reservoirs in the area of interest, and last but not the least the properties of the riverbed itself. The investigation of the interaction between the surface water and groundwater was applied utilizing modern numerical simulations on the Gabčíkovo-Topoľníky channel, one of the main channels of irrigation and drainage channel network at Žitný Ostrov. Žitný Ostrov area is situated in the southwestern part of Slovakia, and it is known as the biggest source of groundwater in this country. For this reason, experts give it heightened attention from different points of view. The channel network was built up in this region for drainage and safeguarding of irrigation water. The water level in the whole channel network system affects the groundwater level and vice versa. With regard to the mutual interaction between channel network and groundwater, it has been necessary to judge the impact of channel network silting up by alluvials and the rate of their permeability to this interaction. The aim of this contribution was to collect the available data from the area of interest for simulation of real and theoretical scenarios of interaction between groundwater and surface water along the Gabčíkovo-Topoľníky channel. The obtained results give valuable information about how the clogging of the riverbed in the channel network influences the groundwater level regime in the area.

Keywords

Channel network Groundwater Interaction Numerical simulation Surface water Žitný Ostrov (Rye Island) 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The chapter was created with support from VEGA project no. 2/0058/15 and APVV-14-0735. This publication is also the result of the implementation of the ITMS 26240120004 project entitled Centre of Excellence for Integrated Flood Protection of Land supported by the Research and Development Operational Programme funded by the ERDF.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Hydrology, Slovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia

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