Sedimentological Characteristics of the Quaternary Groundwater Aquifer, Northwestern Nile Delta, Egypt

  • Abdelmonem T. Abdelhameed
  • Zenhom E. SalemEmail author
  • Osman M. Osman
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 73)


A total of 110 sediment samples were collected at various levels during the well drilling. Mechanical analysis of 70 sediment samples was done in order to study the sedimentological and depositional environments of the studied aquifer. Another 40 samples were subjected to X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis to detect the mineralogical composition of the aquifer sediments. The sedimentary work revealed that the majority of the samples are medium to coarse clayey sand, moderately sorted and coarse skewed. This may support the multi-directional depositional currents. The present-day, wind action influences skin of the sediments. The samples lie within the field of river processes. Mineralogical analysis by X-ray diffractometry revealed that smectite is the most abundant clay mineral, followed by kaolinite, whereas illite is the less abundant clay mineral. The essential carbonate minerals are calcite and dolomite whereas non-carbonate minerals include quartz, feldspar, and hematite.


Depositional environment Groundwater aquifer Mineralogy Sedimentology Western Nile Delta 



The authors are grateful to Tanta University for the financial support offered during the course of this research work. The authors thank the editor Prof. Dr. Abdelazim Negm for his constructive remarks.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdelmonem T. Abdelhameed
    • 1
  • Zenhom E. Salem
    • 1
    Email author
  • Osman M. Osman
    • 2
  1. 1.Geology Department, Faculty of ScienceTanta UniversityTantaEgypt
  2. 2.Geology Department, Faculty of ScienceDamanhour UniversityDamanhourEgypt

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