Influenza and Influenza-Like Viruses: Frequent Infections in Children Under 14 Years of Age During the 2016/2017 Epidemic Season

  • K. CieślakEmail author
  • D. Kowalczyk
  • K. Szymański
  • E. Hallmann-Szelińska
  • L. B. Brydak
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1114)


Influenza is an infectious disease that is a common cause of infection among children. The main reason for it is the extremely low percentage of vaccinated people in Poland. In the 2016/2017 epidemic season more than 3,000 tests from children up to age 14 were examined. The dominance of subtype A/H3N2/ (40.9%) was confirmed. The evaluation was stratified by three age groups (0–4, 5–9, and 10–14 years), which revealed significant differences. The highest number of samples was available in the 0–4 years group. The highest percentage of positive samples was present in the 10–14 years group. Influenza-like viral infections, among them the respiratory syncytial virus, were also observed. Children due to immature immunity are at particular risk for influenza. A lack of proper vaccination coverage strongly increases the chance of serious complications of the infection.


Children Epidemic season Infection Influenza virus Molecular biology Respiratory tract 



Funded by the NIP- NIH thematic subject 3/EM. The authors acknowledge a help from physicians and employees of the Voivodship Sanitary and Epidemiological Stations engaged in the SENTINEL program of influenza surveillance in Poland.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest in relation to this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Cieślak
    • 1
    Email author
  • D. Kowalczyk
    • 1
  • K. Szymański
    • 1
  • E. Hallmann-Szelińska
    • 1
  • L. B. Brydak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Influenza ResearchNational Influenza Centre, National Institute of Public Health- National Institute of HygieneWarsawPoland

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