Influence of Socioeconomic Factors on Self-Reported Prevalence of Allergic Diseases Among Female University Students

  • K. Kliś
  • M. Żurawiecka
  • A. Suder
  • I. Teul
  • B. Borowska-Strugińska
  • E. Suliga
  • I. WronkaEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1020)


Until recently, most studies report an increasing prevalence of allergy and asthma. The research suggests that the increase may have to do with changes in lifestyle and living conditions. This study seeks to determine the prevalence and changes in allergic diseases in relation to socioeconomic status (SES) 6 years apart. The research material consisted of data collected in two cross-sectional surveys conducted among university female students in 2009 and 2015 (respectively, 702 and 1305 subjects). The surveys evaluated the incidence of allergic conditions and socio-economic status. The occurrence of allergy was determined on the basis of answers to the questions whether the allergy and specific allergens were defined on the basis of medical work-up. The prevalence of allergic diseases increased from 14.0% to 22.3% over a 6-year period. In both cohorts, allergic diseases were more prevalent among females with high SES than with low SES. In 2009, significant differences were noted in relation to urbanization of the place of living and the number of siblings. In 2015, all socioeconomics factors significantly bore on the prevalence of allergy.


Allergy Education Life style Place of living Siblings Socioeconomic status Survey Urbanization 


Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest in relation to this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Kliś
    • 1
  • M. Żurawiecka
    • 1
  • A. Suder
    • 2
  • I. Teul
    • 3
  • B. Borowska-Strugińska
    • 4
  • E. Suliga
    • 5
  • I. Wronka
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyInstitute of Zoology, Jagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland
  2. 2.Department of AnatomyUniversity of Physical EducationKrakowPoland
  3. 3.Department of AnatomyPomeranian Medical University in SzczecinSzczecinPoland
  4. 4.Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, Department of AnthropologyUniversity of LodzLodzPoland
  5. 5.Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of the Prevention of Alimentary Tract DiseasesInstitute of Nursing and Obstetrics, Jan Kochanowski UniversityKielcePoland

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