Stem Cells in Regenerative Cardiology

  • Semih Arbatlı
  • Galip Servet Aslan
  • Fatih KocabaşEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1079)


The common prevalence of heart failure and limitations in its treatment are leading cause of attention and interest towards the induction of cardiac regeneration with novel approaches. Recent studies provide growing evidence regarding bona fide cardiac regeneration post genetic manipulations, administration of stimulatory factors and myocardial injuries in animal models and human studies. To this end, stem cells of different sources have been tested to treat heart failure for the development of cellular therapies. Endogenous and exogenous stem cells sources used in regenerative cardiology have provided a proof of concept and applicability of cellular therapies in myocardial improvement. Recent clinical studies, especially, based on the endogenous cardiac progenitor and stem cells highlighted the possibility to regenerate lost cardiomyocytes in the myocardium. This review discusses emerging concepts in cardiac stem cell therapy, their sources and route of administration, and plausibility of de novo cardiomyocyte formation.


Cardiac stem cells Cardiac progenitors Cardiovascular therapies Clinical trials based on resident CSCs Heart regeneration 



We apologize to colleagues whose work could not be cited and discussed because of space limitations.

Compliance with Ethical Standards: Funding

We thank the support from Co-Funded Brain Circulation Scheme by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) and The Marie Curie Action COFUND of the 7th. Framework Programme (FP7) of the European Commission [grant number 115C039], TÜBİTAK ARDEB 1001 [grant numbers 115S185 & 215Z069], TÜBİTAK ARDEB 3501 [grant number 215Z071], TÜBİTAK ARDEB 1002 [grant number 216S317], The Science Academy Young Scientist Award Program (BAGEP-2015, Turkey), The International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology – ICGEB 2015 Early Career Return Grant [grant number CRP/TUR15-02_EC], Medicines for Malaria Venture - Pathogenbox Award (supported by Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation) and funds provided by Yeditepe University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Conflict of Interest Statement

All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest concerning this work.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Semih Arbatlı
    • 1
    • 2
  • Galip Servet Aslan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fatih Kocabaş
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Regenerative Biology Research Laboratory, Department of Genetics and BioengineeringYeditepe UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology, Institute of ScienceYeditepe UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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