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Principles of Blood Pressure Measurement – Current Techniques, Office vs Ambulatory Blood Pressure Measurement.

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 956)

Abstract

Blood pressure measurement has a long history and a crucial role in clinical medicine. Manual measurement using a mercury sphygmomanometer and a stethoscope remains the Gold Standard. However, this technique is technically demanding and commonly leads to faulty values. Automatic devices have helped to improve and simplify the technical aspects, but a standardised procedure of obtaining comparable measurements remains problematic and may therefore limit their validity in clinical practice. This underlines the importance of less error-prone measurement methods such as ambulatory or home blood pressure measurements and automated office blood pressure measurements. These techniques may help to uncover patients with otherwise unrecognised or overestimated arterial hypertension. Additionally these techniques may yield a better prognostic value.

Keywords

Blood pressure measurement Office blood pressure Home blood pressure Ambulatory blood pressure measurement Arterial pressure waveform Pulse-transit time measurement Blood pressure devices Arterial hypertension 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Outpatient and Hypertension Clinic, ESH Hypertension Centre of ExcellenceUniversity Hospital BaselBaselSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of CardiologyUniversity Hospital BaselBaselSwitzerland

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