Evaluation of the Activity of Influenza and Influenza-Like Viruses in the Epidemic Season 2013/2014

  • Karolina BednarskaEmail author
  • E. Hallmann-Szelińska
  • K. Kondratiuk
  • L. B. Brydak
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 857)


Infections caused by respiratory viruses can have different clinical symptoms, while specific set of symptoms can be induced by different viruses. Despite usually mild course of disease, some viruses causing certain disease entity can result in serious complications. Therefore, quick and appropriate diagnostic is crucial for administering proper treatment. In the epidemic season 2013/2014, 2,497 specimens were tested. Infections caused by influenza viruses were confirmed in 9.8 %, while infections caused by influenza-like viruses (ILI) in 13.2 %. The co-domination of A/H1N1/pdm09 (29.4 %) with A/H3N2/ (30.6 %) was observed among circulating subtypes of influenza virus type A. Analysis of positive specimens categorized into 7 age groups indicated that most of morbidity to influenza was noted in the age intervals: 26–44 (22.9 %) and 45–64 years old (21.6 %). Considering infections caused by influenza-like viruses, the highest amount of positive cases was registered in the age group 0–4 years old (92.7 %) with the highest ratio of RSV (87.9 %) and PIV-3 (10.5 %). Judging by the epidemiological and virological indicators, the 2013/14 influenza season was mild and only low virus activity was reported in Poland as well as in most European countries. Still, 9,000 hospitalizations and 17 deaths were registered in Poland during this epidemic season.


Detection Flu Incidence Infection Upper respiratory tract 



We would like to acknowledge physicians and employees of VSESs participating in SENTINEL program for their input into the influenza surveillance in Poland. The project was partially supported by the Ministry of Science and Education (Grant No 2011/01/B/NZ7/06188) and NIPH-NIH funds (8/EM/6K/2013, 8/EM/11K/2014).

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest in relation to this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karolina Bednarska
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. Hallmann-Szelińska
    • 1
  • K. Kondratiuk
    • 1
  • L. B. Brydak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Influenza Research, National Influenza CenterNational Institute of Public Health – National Institute of HygieneWarsawPoland

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