Advertisement

pp 1-16 | Cite as

The Periodic Table, Zeolites and Single-Site Heterogeneous Catalysts

  • John Meurig ThomasEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Structure and Bonding book series

Abstract

This brief account of the way in which the Periodic Table has guided the design of new and the improvement of existing heterogeneous catalysts should be regarded as a companion to that composed by Gómez-Hortigüela and Pérez-Pariente (Synthesis and properties of zeolitic materials guided by periodic considerations, this volume). It has been structured in such a manner as to serve as an introduction to reference (Gómez-Hortigüela and Pérez-Pariente, Synthesis and properties of zeolitic materials guided by periodic considerations, this volume). A recapitulation is given of the salient features of zeolites, and of the qualitative way, initially, the catalytic community set about exploiting trends in the Periodic Table to design new heterogeneous catalysts and to expand the performance of existing ones. Later sections deal with the unique opportunities presented by zeotypes, in conjunction with the Periodic Table, of fashioning new, high-performance and selective catalysts of a variety of kinds. Of those, single-site heterogeneous catalysts (SSHCs) exhibit a number of important advantages, which are illustrated by specific examples.

Keywords

ALPOs Brønsted and Lewis acids Isomorphous substitution Redox sites SAPOs Single-site catalysts Zeotype 

References

  1. 1.
    Barrer RM (1982) Hydrothermal chemistry of zeolites. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baerlocher C, McCusker LB, Olson DH (2007) Atlas of zeolite framework types, 6th edn. International Zeolite Association, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gómez-Horig藠ela L, Pérez-Pariente J (2019) Synthesis and properties of zeolitic materials guided by periodic considerations. Struct Bond 182:1–36Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wilson ST, Lok BM, Flanigen EM (1982) US Patent 4,310,440Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Flanigen EM, Lok BM, Patton RL (1986) Aluminophosphate molecular sieves and the periodic table. Stud Surf Sci Catal 28:103Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Li J, Yu J, Xu R (2012) Progress in heteroatom-containing aluminophosphate molecular sieves. Proc R Soc A 468:1955Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yu J, Xu R (2010) Rational approaches toward the design and synthesis of zeolitic inorganic open-framework materials. Acc Chem Res 43:1195–1204Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cora F, Catlow CRA (2001) Ionicity and framework stability of crystalline aluminophosphates. J Phys Chem B105:101278Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cora F, Alfredsson M, Baker CM, Catlow CRA (2009) Modelling the framework stability and catalytic activity of pure and transition metal doped zeotypes. J Solid State Chem 176:4961Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Chu CTW, Chang CD (1985) Isomorphous substitution in zeolite frameworks, I. Acidity of surface hydroxyls in B-, Fe-, Ga and Al-ZSM-5. J Phys Chem 89:1569–1571Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mingos DMP (2019) The discovery of the elements in the periodic table. Struct Bond 181:1–60Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shannon RD (1976) Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of intratomic distances in halides and chalcogenides. Acta Cryst A32:757Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Simperler A et al (2004) Hypothetical uninodal zeolite structures: comparison of AlPO4 and SiO2 compositions using computer simulation. J Phys Chem B 108:869–879Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li L, Slater B, Yan Y, Wang C, Li Y, Yu J (2019) Necessity of heteroatoms for realizing hypothetical aluminophosphate zeolites: a high-throughput computational approach. J Phys Chem Lett 10:1411Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ertl G (2009) Reactions at solid surfaces. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Thomas JM, Thomas WJ (2015) Principles and practice of heterogeneous catalysis, 2nd edn. Wiley, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Thomas JM, Raja R, Lewis DW (2005) Single-site heterogeneous catalysts. Angew Chem Int Ed 44:6456–6482Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zecchina A, Bordiga S, Spoto G, Damin A, Berlier G, Bonino F, Prestipino C, Lamberti C (2002) In situ characterization of catalysts active in partial oxidations with TS-1 and Fe-MFI. Top Catal 21:67–77Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thomas JM (2012) Design and applications of single-site heterogeneous catalysts: contributions to green chemistry, clean technology and sustainability. Imperial College Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Thomas JM (1991) Design, synthesis and in situ characterization of new solid catalysts. Angew Chem Int Ed 38:3588–3628Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Notari B (1996) Microporous crystalline titanium silicates. Adv Catal 41:253Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Thomas JM, Raja R, Sankar G, Bell RG (1996) Molecular sieve catalysts for the selective oxidation of linear alkanes by molecular oxygen. Nature 398:227Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Thomas JM, Raja R, Sankar G, Bell RG (2001) Molecular sieve catalysts for the regioselective and shape selective oxyfunctionalization of alkanes in air. Acc Chem Res 34(3):191Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Lee SO, Raja R, Harris KDM, Thomas JM, Johnson BFG, Sankar G (2003) Mechanistic insights into the conversion of cyclohexene to adipic acid by H2O2 in the presence of a TAPO-5 catalyst. Angew Chem Int Ed 42:1520–1523Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Maschmeyer T, Rey F, Sankar G, Thomas JM (1995) Heterogeneous catalysts obtained by grafting metallocene complexes onto mesoporous silica. Nature 378:159Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hasman SS, Catlow CRA (2019) Synchrotron science in the UK: NINA, the SRS and diamond. Phil Trans R Soc A 377:20190147Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Li J, Corma A, Yu J (2015) Synthesis of new zeolite structures. Chem Soc Rev 44:7112Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Čejka J, Corma A, Jones S (2010) Zeolite and catalysis: synthesis, reactions and applications. Wiley, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Bursil L-A, Lodge EA, Thomas JM (1980) Zeolite structures as revealed by high-resolution electron microscopy. Nature 286:111Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Klinowski J, Thomas JM (1986) The magic angle and all that: the structure of solids using magnetic resonance. Endeavour 10:2Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and of ChemistryUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations