Electrocatalysis of Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells: Quantitative DEMS Studies

  • Hongsen Wang
  • Héctor D. AbruñaEmail author
Part of the Structure and Bonding book series (STRUCTURE, volume 141)


In this chapter, we present new insights in direct alcohol fuel cell-related anode electrocatalysis based on quantitative differential electrochemical mass spectrometry (DEMS) studies. First, we review the history and development of the DEMS technique, as well as the calibration method for quantification. We then discuss some contributions of quantitative DEMS to the study of the mechanism of methanol electrooxidation on Pt and PtRu model catalysts. We also discuss quantitative DEMS studies of the mechanism of dissociative adsorption and electrooxidation of ethanol and acetaldehyde at Pt, Pt3Sn, PtRu, and PtRh nanoparticle catalysts. Finally, the mechanism of dissociative adsorption and electrooxidation of ethylene glycol and its oxidative derivatives on carbon-supported Pt, Pt3Sn, and PtRu nanoparticle catalysts are discussed, based on quantitative DEMS results.

Graphical Abstract


DEMS Direct alcohol fuel cells Dissociative adsorption of alcohols Electrocatalysis Electrooxidation of alcohols 



This work was supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences through grant DE-FG02-03ER46072, and by the Energy Materials Center at Cornell (EMC2), an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award Number DE-SC0001086.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Baker LaboratoryCornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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