Influence of Nanotoxicity on Human Health and Environment: The Alternative Strategies

  • Buddolla Viswanath
  • Sanghyo KimEmail author
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 242)


Currently, nanotechnology revolutionizing both scientific and industrial community due to their applications in the fields of medicine, environmental protection, energy, and space exploration. Despite of the evident benefits of nanoparticles, there are still open questions about the influence of these nanoparticles on human health and environment. This is one of the critical issues that have to be addressed in the near future, before massive production of nanomaterials. Manufactured nanoparticles, which are finding ever-increasing applications in industry and consumer products fall into the category of emerging contaminants with ecological and toxicological effects on populations, communities and ecosystems. The existing experimental knowledge gave evidence that inhaled nanoparticles are less efficiently separated than larger particles by the macrophage clearance mechanisms and these nanoparticles are known to translocate through the lymphatic, circulatory and nervous systems to many tissues and organs, including the brain. In this review we highlight adverse impacts of nanoparticles on human and the environment with special emphasis on green nanoscience as a sustainable alternative.


Nanomaterials Nanotoxicology Health Environment Green synthesis 



This research was supported by the R&D Program for Society of the National Research Foundation (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (2013M3C8A3078806 and 2015M3A9E2031372).

Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BionanotechnologyGachon UniversitySujeong-Gu, Seongnam-SiRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Gil Medical Center, Graduate Gachon Medical Research InstituteIncheonRepublic of Korea

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