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Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM) in the Oil and Gas Industry: A Review

  • Israel DoyiEmail author
  • David Kofi Essumang
  • Samuel Dampare
  • Eric Tetteh Glover
Chapter
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 238)

Abstract

Radiation is part of the natural environment: it is estimated that approximately 80 % of all human exposure comes from naturally occurring or background radiation. Certain extractive industries such as mining and oil logging have the potential to increase the risk of radiation exposure to the environment and humans by concentrating the quantities of naturally occurring radiation beyond normal background levels (Azeri-Chirag-Gunashli 2004).

Keywords

Radioactivity Radiation exposure Radionuclides Chronic Acute Toxicology Produced water Scale DNA Dose limit Radiation protection 

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Israel Doyi
    • 1
    Email author
  • David Kofi Essumang
    • 2
  • Samuel Dampare
    • 1
  • Eric Tetteh Glover
    • 3
  1. 1.National Radioactive Waste Management Centre, National Nuclear Research InstituteGhana Atomic Energy CommissionAccraGhana
  2. 2.Graduate School of Nuclear and Allied SciencesGhana Atomic Energy CommissionAccraGhana
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Cape CoastCape CoastGhana

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