Fullerenes and Related Structures pp 93-134
The state of the art in heterofullerene chemistry and physics is reviewed with emphasis on azafullerenes. The macroscopic synthetic methods that have been developed for aza fullerene compounds since 1995 have led to a whole new and rich area in the science of fullerenes: cage modification chemistry. The synthetic routes towards azafullerene and its derivatives are reviewed in Sect. 2. The synthetic routes for azafullerene and its derivatives are summarized in Sect. 3. Section 4 comprises the theoretical and experimental work on the physicochemical properties of azafullerene compounds. Finally, in Sect. 5, the literature regarding heterofullerenes other than monoazafullerenes is reviewed.
KeywordsHeterofullerene Azafullerene Borafullerene Fullerene Dimer Azirenofullerene Azafulleroid Fullerene Salt Boron Holeyball Dopeyball Dopyball
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