Fullerenes and Related Structures pp 93-134

Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 199)

Heterofullerenes

  • Jan C. Hummelen
  • Cheryl Bellavia-Lund
  • Fred Wudl

Abstract

The state of the art in heterofullerene chemistry and physics is reviewed with emphasis on azafullerenes. The macroscopic synthetic methods that have been developed for aza[60] fullerene compounds since 1995 have led to a whole new and rich area in the science of fullerenes: cage modification chemistry. The synthetic routes towards aza[60]fullerene and its derivatives are reviewed in Sect. 2. The synthetic routes for aza[70]fullerene and its derivatives are summarized in Sect. 3. Section 4 comprises the theoretical and experimental work on the physicochemical properties of azafullerene compounds. Finally, in Sect. 5, the literature regarding heterofullerenes other than monoazafullerenes is reviewed.

Keywords

Heterofullerene Azafullerene Borafullerene Fullerene Dimer Azirenofullerene Azafulleroid Fullerene Salt Boron Holeyball Dopeyball Dopyball 

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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan C. Hummelen
    • 1
  • Cheryl Bellavia-Lund
    • 2
  • Fred Wudl
    • 3
  1. 1.Stratingh Institute & Materials Science CenterUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.SYMYX TechnologiesSanta ClaraUSA
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 4505A Molecular Science BuildingUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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