Promoting the transfer of advanced training technologies
As research into intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) passes the 25 year mark, it leaves behind a history full of technical accomplishments, yet unfulfilled expectations. Researchers have demonstrated that it is possible to build intelligent representations of domain, instructional, and student knowledge for a wide variety of domains. In addition, those representations can be used in concert with one another and with appropriate domain emulations to deliver individualized instruction. However, even given these significant technical accomplishments, the number of ITSs in use in actual educational situations in industry, academia, and government sectors is relatively few. If this is not due to insurmountable technical problems, than what is keeping the expectations of this promising technology unfulfilled? It is the premise of this paper that what is keeping the promise of ITS technology unfulfilled is the problem of technology transfer. The goal of this paper is to discuss barriers to successful technology transfer and approaches for overcoming those barriers, particularly as they apply to deploying intelligent tutoring systems in industry.
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