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Changing technologies of HPC

  • Jack J. Dongarra
  • Hans W. Meuer
  • Horst D. Simon
  • Erich Strohmaier
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1067)

Abstract

In the last years the field of High Performance Computing (HPC) faced a major move of their building blocks —the computing nodes— away from proprietary designs towards nodes built out of workstation boards. This movement came along with the success of companies like Silicon Graphics and IBM. As the other companies acting in this field are also moving to CMOS as basic technology these two companies along with Convex/HP are building their HPC systems not only with CPUs but with boards ”off-the-shelf” from successful workstation families. Major signs for the success of this approach are not only the pure number of systems they can sell, but the percentage of systems they are able to sell to industrial users. We will discuss in this paper the different developments based on the Top500 lists of supercomputer sites available since June 1993 [1] and which, for the first time, provide a reliable base for a well-founded analysis of the high-performance computing field. Reports about the situation in 1993, 1994 and 1995 have been published before [2], [3] and [4].

Keywords

High Performance Computing Industrial User Node Technology Silicon Graphic High Performance Computing System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    J. J. Dongarra, H. W. Meuer and E. Strohmaier, Top500 Supercomputer Sites. Technical Report 33, 34, 38, 40, 41, 42, University of Mannheim, Germany, June 1993, November 1993, June 1994, November 1994, June 1995, November 1995Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. J. Dongarra, H. W. Meuer and E. Strohmaier, eds. TOP500 Report 1993, University of Mannheim, 1994Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. J. Dongarra, H. W. Meuer and E. Strohmaier, eds. TOP500 Report 1994, SUPERCOMPUTER 60/61, volumne 11, number 2/3, June 1995Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. J. Dongarra, H. W. Meuer and E. Strohmaier, eds. TOP500 Report 1995, SUPERCOMPUTER 63, volumne 12, number 1, January 1996Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack J. Dongarra
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hans W. Meuer
    • 3
  • Horst D. Simon
    • 4
  • Erich Strohmaier
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Science DepartmentUniversity of TennesseeKnoxville
  2. 2.Mathematical Science SectionOak Ridge National Lab.Oak Ridge
  3. 3.Computing CenterUniversity of MannheimMannheimGermany
  4. 4.Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 50ANERSCBerkeley

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