An artificial life approach for the synthesis of autonomous agents
This paper describes an evolutionary process producing dynamical neural networks used as “brains” for autonomous agents. The main concepts used: genetic algorithms, morphogenesis process, artificial neural networks and artificial metabolism, illustrate our conviction that some fundamental principles of nature may help to design processes from which emerge artificial autonomous agents. The evolutionary process presented here is applied to a simulated autonomous robot. The resulting neural networks are then embedded on a real mobile robot. We emphasize the role of the artificial metabolism and the role of the environment which appear to be the motors of evolution. The first results observed are encouraging and motivate a deeper investigation of this research area.
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