A visual speech model based on fuzzy-neuro methods

  • Hans H. Bothe
Neural Networks
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 974)

Abstract

This paper describes a new approach of modeling visual speech movements, based on a codebook of characteristic key-pictures and a complex fuzzy neural network (FNN). Goal is the development of a computer animation program as a training aid for learning lip-reading. The network architecture makes possible a fusion of linguistic expert knowledge into the FNN. The current PC version allows a synchronization of the animation program with a special stand-alone speech synthesis computer via a Centronics parallel interface.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    P. Menzerath and A. de Lacerda: Koartikulation, Steuerung und Lautabgrenzung, Berlin, (1933).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Alich: Zur Erkennbarkeit von Sprachgestalten beim Ablesen vom Munde (Dissertation), Bonn, (1961).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H.H. Bothe and N. v. Bötticher: Key-frame selection for the analysis of visual speech with fuzzy-c-means algorithm. In: B. Bouchon-Meunier & R. Yager & L.A. Zadeh (Eds.), Advances in Intelligent Computing, Springer-Verlag, Berlin-Heidelberg (to appear, 1995).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H.H. Bothe, G. Lindner and F. Rieger The Development of a Computer Animation Program for the Teaching of Lipreading, In: E. Ballabio, I. Placencia-Porrero and R. Puig de la Bellacasa (Eds.), Technology and Informatics 9, Rehabilitation Technology: Strategies for the European Union, Amsterdam, (1993), 45–49.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. Storey and M. Roberts: Reading the Speech of Digital Lips: Motives an Methods for Audio-visual Speech Synthesis, Visible Language 22 (1989), 112–127.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.M. Cohen and D.W. Massaro: Synthesis of Visible Speech, Behaviour Research Methods, Instruments & Computers, (1990), 260–263.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Saintourens, M.H. Tramus, H. Huitric, and M. Nahas: Creation of a Synthetic Face Speaking in Real Time with a Synthetic Voice, Proceedings of the ESCA Workshop on Speech Synthesis, Autrance, (1990), 381–393.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. Lavagetto: Converting Speech into Lip Movements: A Multimedia Telephone for Hard of Hearing People. Trans. Rehabilitation Engineering, (to appear; 1995).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bothe, H.H.: Fuzzy input coding for an artificial neural network. (ACM/SAC'95), Nashville, (1995).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans H. Bothe
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ElectronicsTechnical University of BerlinBerlin

Personalised recommendations