Adaptation and the modular design of organisms
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- Wagner G.P. (1995) Adaptation and the modular design of organisms. In: Morán F., Moreno A., Merelo J.J., Chacón P. (eds) Advances in Artificial Life. ECAL 1995. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence), vol 929. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
In this paper the implications of the theory of evolutionary computation for evolutionary biology are explored. It is claimed that the concept of “representations” is particularly useful to understand the evolution of complex adaptation and the origin of the modular design of higher organisms. Modularity improves the adaptability of complex adaptive systems, but arises most likely as a side effect of adaptive evolution rather than being an adaptation itself.
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