Efficient mechanism for fairness and deadlock-avoidance in high-speed networks

  • Yoram Ofek
  • Moti Yung
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 486)

Abstract

High-speed network is a new environment, motivated largely by the advance of fiber-optics technology. Such a network cannot operate in conditions which may cause deadlock or may starve certain network nodes since these phenomena result in long waiting times and invocations of delaying recovery procedures which imply (by definition) very low speed.

On the other hand, in order to accelerate the network algorithms, such networks are likely to have the following characteristics: 1. network traffic has higher priority than input traffic (to guarantee fast uniform routing services at intermediate nodes independent of local demand), and 2. packets are removed at destination unlike traditional broadcast approach in loca-area network (to avoid unnecessary communication resource wasting). These two characteristics imply the possibility of overloading a node with network traffic which implies an inherent lack of fairness that cannot be solved by a global mutual exclusion mechanism such as the traditional token (as in a token ring).

In this work we present a general control mechanism for fair access to communication links of a network with an arbitrary topology. In this abstract motivated by high-speed operation, we assume that the network nodes operate in real time, i.e. known links delay. (The work can be translate to other asynchronous models.) The proposed control mechanism operates over a spanning tree that was constructed for this purpose in the network. The fairness mechanism implies deadlock-freeness. Furthermore, it guarantees a stronger condition which is equifairness (equal opportunity is given to every node at each control cycle).

The mechanism regulates the network access globally and can work much faster than previous ones. It is optimal as its time is proportional to the network diameter (previous mechanisms were proportional to the network's size). This is crucial since a shorter control cycle unloads hot spots in a faster rate. Furthermore, the mechanism is self-balancing as it adapts itself to the relative speed of the various parts of the network and it also automatically tolerates one failure per cycle.

As a result, the mechanism can be part of a high-speed network architecture in which, on one hand a node can try to transmit asynchronously, without reservation, as much as it can only by observing the state of its adjacent links, and on the other hand the network access and flow control will ensure no loss, fair access to the network and no deadlocks.

In addition, a clock-driven self-stability property of the algorithm will ensure that local state information and a reliable local clock will be sufficient to recover from any faulty state within a single control cycle.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoram Ofek
    • 1
  • Moti Yung
    • 1
  1. 1.IBM T. J. Watson Research CenterYorktown Heights

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