An Information-Theoretic Model for Steganography

  • Christian Cachin
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/3-540-49380-8_21

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1525)
Cite this paper as:
Cachin C. (1998) An Information-Theoretic Model for Steganography. In: Information Hiding. IH 1998. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 1525. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg


An information-theoretic model for steganography with passive adversaries is proposed. The adversary’s task of distinguishing between an innocent cover message C and a modified message S containing a secret part is interpreted as a hypothesis testing problem. The security of a steganographic system is quantified in terms of the relative entropy (or discrimination) between PC and PS. Several secure steganographic schemes are presented in this model; one of them is a universal information hiding scheme based on universal data compression techniques that requires no knowledge of the covertext statistics.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Cachin
    • 1
  1. 1.MIT Laboratory for Computer ScienceCambridgeUSA

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