Symbolic Model Checking without BDDs
- Cite this paper as:
- Biere A., Cimatti A., Clarke E., Zhu Y. (1999) Symbolic Model Checking without BDDs. In: Cleaveland W.R. (eds) Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems. TACAS 1999. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 1579. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
Symbolic Model Checking ,  has proven to be a powerful technique for the verification of reactive systems. BDDs  have traditionally been used as a symbolic representation of the system. In this paper we show how boolean decision procedures, like Stålmarck’s Method  or the Davis & Putnam Procedure , can replace BDDs. This new technique avoids the space blow up of BDDs, generates counterexamples much faster, and sometimes speeds up the verification. In addition, it produces counterexamples of minimal length. We introduce a bounded model checking procedure for LTL which reduces model checking to propositional satisfiability.We show that bounded LTL model checking can be done without a tableau construction. We have implemented a model checker BMC, based on bounded model checking, and preliminary results are presented.