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Polychlorinated Naphthalenes (PCNs)

  • Eva Jakobsson
  • Lillemor Asplund
Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 3K)

Abstract

Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) have been commercially produced and used mainly in electrical devices, but also for impregnation of wood, paper and textiles to attain waterproofness, flame resistance and protection against insects, molds and fungi. Today, the PCNs are widespread in the environment and are to be regarded as an environmental problem. Generally, the levels are lower compared to e.g. polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), but high levels have been observed near point sources such as manufacturers of chlorine/soda, magnesium, copper and aluminum. PCB products and incineration processes are also sources of PCN releases. The present review summarizes data on physical properties such as melting points, solubility and logKow. Chemical reactivity and methods used for synthesis of individual congeners are briefly discussed. The analytical methods used for PCN analysis are presented as well as sources and environmental levels. Finally, the biological fate and toxicological data available are summarized.

Keywords

Polychlorinated naphthalenes Physical properties Analytical methods Levels Toxicological behavior 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eva Jakobsson
    • 1
  • Lillemor Asplund
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ChemistryStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Institute of Applied Environmental Research (ITM), Laboratory for Analytical Environmental ChemistryStockholm UniversityStockholmSweden

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