Enhancing Effectiveness of Outlier Detections for Low Density Patterns
Outlier detection is concerned with discovering exceptional behaviors of objects in data sets. It is becoming a growingly useful tool in applications such as credit card fraud detection, discovering criminal behaviors in e-commerce, identifying computer intrusion, detecting health problems, etc. In this paper, we introduce a connectivity-based outlier factor (COF) scheme that improves the effectiveness of an existing local outlier factor (LOF) scheme when a pattern itself has similar neighbourhood density as an outlier. We give theoretical and empirical analysis to demonstrate the improvement in effectiveness and the capability of the COF scheme in comparison with the LOF scheme.
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