A Program Refinement Framework Supporting Reasoning about Knowledge and Time
This paper develops a highly expressive semantic framework for program refinement that supports both temporal reasoning and reasoning about the knowledge of a single agent. The framework generalizes a previously developed temporal refinement framework by amalgamating it with a logic of quantified local propositions, a generalization of the logic of knowledge. The combined framework provides a formal setting for development of knowledge-based programs, and addresses two problems of existing theories of such programs: lack of compositionality and the fact that such programs often have only implementations of high computational complexity. Use of the framework is illustrated by a control theoretic example concerning a robot operating with an imprecise position sensor.
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