Sweetening Ontologies with DOLCE

  • Aldo Gangemi
  • Nicola Guarino
  • Claudio Masolo
  • Alessandro Oltramari
  • Luc Schneider
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2473)


In this paper we introduce the DOLCE upper level ontology, the first module of a Foundational Ontologies Library being developed within the Wonder Web project. DOLCE is presented here in an intuitive way; the reader should refer to the project deliverable for a detailed axiomatization. A comparison with WordNet’s top-level taxonomy of nouns is also provided, which shows how DOLCE, used in addition to the OntoClean methodology, helps isolating and understanding some major WordNet’s semantic limitations. We suggest that such analysis could hopefully lead to an “ontologically sweetened” WordNet, meant to be conceptually more rigorous, cognitively transparent, and efficiently exploitable in several applications.


Physical Object Artificial Agent Temporal Part Quality Space Cognitive Artifact 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aldo Gangemi
    • 1
  • Nicola Guarino
    • 1
  • Claudio Masolo
    • 1
  • Alessandro Oltramari
    • 1
  • Luc Schneider
    • 1
  1. 1.ISTC-CNRRome/PaduaItaly

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