Automatic Selection of Defining Vocabulary in an Explanatory Dictionary

  • Alexander Gelbukh
  • Grigori Sidorov
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2276)


One of the problems in converting a conventional (human-oriented) explanatory dictionary into a semantic database intended for the use in automatic reasoning systems is that such a database should not contain any cycles in its definitions, while the traditional dictionaries usually contain them. The cycles can be eliminated by declaring some words “primitive” (having no definition) while all other words are defined in terms of these ones. A method for detecting the cycles in definitions and selecting a minimal (though not the smallest) defining vocabulary is presented. Different strategies for selecting the words for the defining vocabulary are discussed and experimental data for a real dictionary are presented.


Word Sense Disambiguation Automatic Selection Primitive Concept School Geometry Primitive Word 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Gelbukh, A., and G. Sidorov (2001). Algorithm of word sense disambiguation in an explanatory dictionary. Proc. of COMPLEX-2001, Workshop on Computational Lexicography, Birmingham, Great Britain, June 28–30, 2001, pp. 35–40.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kozima, H., and A. Ito (1997). Context-sensitive word distance by adaptive scaling of a semantic space. In: Mitkov, R. and, N. Nicolov (eds.). Recent Advances in Natural Language Proceedings: Selected Papers from RANLP’95, pp. 111–124.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Saint-Dizier, P., and E. Viegas (eds.). (1995) Computational lexical semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 447 p.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wierzbicka, A. (1996) Semantics: Primes and Universals. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Gelbukh
    • 1
  • Grigori Sidorov
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Computing Research (CIC)National Polytechnic Institute (IPN)Mexico CityMexico

Personalised recommendations