Review: RoboCup through 2000

  • Itsuki Noda
  • Ian Frank
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2063)


Can a team of robots beat the human world champions at soccer? That is the 50-year grand challenge at the heart of the Robotic Soccer World Cup (RoboCup) initiative. Every year, researchers from around the world gather at the RoboCup tournaments to test their teams of software and hardware soccer players against each other. We report here on the first three of these tournaments, which were held in 1997 (Nagoya), 1998 (Paris) and 1999 (Stockholm).We summarise the game results, the practical and scientific lessons learned, and the progress towards that grand challenge goal.


soccer multi-agent systems learning opponent-modelling 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Itsuki Noda
    • 1
  • Ian Frank
    • 1
  1. 1.Electrotechnical LaboratoryTsukuba IbarakiJapan

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