An Expert System for Microbiological Data Validation and Surveillance

  • E. Lamma
  • P. Mello
  • A. Nanetti
  • G. Poli
  • F. Riguzzi
  • S. Storari
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2199)


In this work, we describe a system for microbiological laboratory data validation and bacteria infections monitoring. In the following sections we report about the first results we have obtained with a prototype that adopts a knowledge-base approach for identifying critical situations and correspondingly issuing alarms. The knowledge base has been obtained from international standard guidelines for microbiological laboratory practice and from expert suggestions.


Expert System Laboratory Expert Knowledge Elicitation Exception Rule Infection History 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. Balows, W.J. Hauser,Jr, K.L. Herrmann, H.D. Isenberg, H.J. Shadomy, Manual of Clinical Microbiology, 5°Ed, American Society for Microbiology, Washington, 1991Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. Lamma, M. Manservigi, P. Mello, A. Nanetti, F. Riguzzi, S. Storari, The Automatic Discovery of Alarm Rules for the Validation of Microbiological Data, IDAMAP2001, London, UKGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Stefik, Introduction to knowledge systems, Morgan Kaufmann, 1995Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS),, Accessed 10 July 2001
  5. 5.
    NCCLS, Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing; Ninth Informational Supplement, M100-S9 Vol. 19 No. 1, January 1999Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Intellicorp, Inc.,, Accessed 10 July 2001
  7. 7.
    World Health Organization, WHONET 5 — Microbiology Laboratory Database Software, WHO/CDS/CSR/DRS/99.1Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M.G. Kahn, S.A. Steib, V.J. Fraser, W.C. Dunghan, An Expert System for Culture-Based Infection control Surveillance, Washington University, 1992Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Theratrac, Biomerieux,, Accessed 10 July 2001
  10. 10.
    Vitek, Biomerieux,, Accessed 10 July 2001
  11. 11.
    M. Boari, E. Lamma, P. Mello, S. Storari, S. Monesi, An Expert System Approach for Clinical Analysis Result Validation, ICAI 2000,Las Vegas, Nevada, USAGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ministero dell’università e della ricerca scientifica e tecnologica,, Accessed 30 June 2001

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Lamma
    • 1
  • P. Mello
    • 2
  • A. Nanetti
    • 3
  • G. Poli
    • 4
  • F. Riguzzi
    • 1
  • S. Storari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EngineeringUniversity of FerraraFerraraItaly
  2. 2.DEISUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  3. 3.Clinical, Specialist and Experimental medicine department Microbiology sectionUniversity of BolognaItaly
  4. 4.DIANOEMA S.p.A.BolognaItaly

Personalised recommendations