Le Q., Bengio S. (2003) Client Dependent GMM-SVM Models for Speaker Verification. In: Kaynak O., Alpaydin E., Oja E., Xu L. (eds) Artificial Neural Networks and Neural Information Processing — ICANN/ICONIP 2003. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 2714. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
Generative Gaussian Mixture Models (GMMs) are known to be the dominant approach for modeling speech sequences in text independent speaker verification applications because of their scalability, good performance and their ability in handling variable size sequences. On the other hand, because of their discriminative properties, models like Support Vector Machines (SVMs) usually yield better performance in static classification problems and can construct flexible decision boundaries. In this paper, we try to combine these two complementary models by using Support Vector Machines to postprocess scores obtained by the GMMs. A cross-validation method is also used in the baseline system to increase the number of client scores in the training phase, which enhances the results of the SVM models. Experiments carried out on the XM2VTS and PolyVar databases confirm the interest of this hybrid approach.