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Psychiatric Diagnosis from the Viewpoint of Computational Logic

  • Joseph Gartner
  • Terrance Swift
  • Allen Tien
  • Carlos Viegas Damásio
  • Luís Moniz Pereira
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 1861)

Abstract

While medical information systems have become common in the United States, commercial systems that automate or assist in the process of medical diagnosis remain uncommon. This is not surprising, since automating diagnosis requires considerable sophistication both in the understanding of medical epidemeology and in knowledge representation techniques. This paper is an interdisciplinary study of how recent results in logic programming and non-monotonic reasoning can aid in psychiatric diagnosis. We argue that to logically represent psychiatric diagnosis as codified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition requires abduction over programs that include both explicit and non-stratified default negation, as well as dynamic rules that express preferences between conclusions. We show how such programs can be translated into abductive frameworks over normal logic programs and implemented using recently introduced logic programming techniques. Finally, we note how such programs are used in a commercial product Diagnostica.

Keywords

Logic Program Logic Programming Adjustment Disorder Computational Logic Positive Criterion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Gartner
    • 1
  • Terrance Swift
    • 2
  • Allen Tien
    • 3
  • Carlos Viegas Damásio
    • 4
  • Luís Moniz Pereira
    • 4
  1. 1.Medicine Rules IncStony Broon
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceSUNY at Stony BrookStony Brook
  3. 3.Medical Decision Logic IncBaltimore
  4. 4.A.I. Centre, Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade Nova de LisboaCaparicaPortugal

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