An Automated ILP Server in the Field of Bioinformatics
The identification of evolutionary related (homologous) proteins is a key problem in molecular biology. Here we present a inductive logic programming based method, Homology Induction (HI), which acts as a filter for existing sequence similarity searches to improve their performance in the detection of remote protein homologies. HI performs a PSI-BLAST search to generate positive, negative, and uncertain examples, and collects descriptions of these examples. It then learns rules to discriminate the positive and negative examples. The rules are used to filter the uncertain examples in the “twilight zone”. HI uses a multitable database of 51,430,710 pre-fabricated facts from a variety of biological sources, and the inductive logic programming system Aleph to induce rules. Hi was tested on an independent set of protein sequences with equal or less than 40 per cent sequence similarity (PDB40D). ROC analysis is performed showing that HI can significantly improve existing similarity searches. The method is automated and can be used via a web/mail interface.
KeywordsReceiver Operating Characteristic Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve Receiver Operating Characteristic Analysis Inductive Logic Programming Deductive Database
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