The Anatomy of the Grid: Enabling Scalable Virtual Organizations
The term “the Grid” was coined in the mid-1990s to denote a proposed distributed computing infrastructure for advanced science and engineering . Considerable progress has since been made on the construction of such an infrastructure (e.g., [1,6,7) but the term “Grid” has also been conflated, at least in popular perception, to embrace everything from advanced networking to artificial intelligence. One might wonder whether the term has any real substance and meaning. Is there really a distinct “Grid problem” and hence a need for new “Grid technologies” ? If so, what is the nature of these technologies, and what is their domain of applicability? While numerous groups have interest in Grid concepts and share, to a significant extent, a common vision of Grid architecture, we do not see consensus on the answers to these questions.
KeywordsVirtual Organization Virtual Private Network Virtual Enterprise Advanced Networking Application Service Provider
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