Interaction of visual and haptic information in simulated environments: texture perception

  • Steven A. Wall
  • William S. Harwin
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2058)

Abstract

This paper describes experiments relating to the perception of the roughness of simulated surfaces via the haptic and visual senses. Subjects used a magnitude estimation technique to judge the roughness of “virtual gratings” presented via a PHANToM haptic interface device, and a standard visual display unit. It was shown that under haptic perception, subjects tended to perceive roughness as decreasing with increased grating period, though this relationship was not always statistically significant. Under visual exploration, the exact relationship between spatial period and perceived roughness was less well defined, though linear regressions provided a reliable approximation to individual subjects’ estimates.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Taylor, M.M., Lederman, S.J., Gibson, R.H.: Tactual Perception of Texture. In Carterette, E. and Friedman, M. (Eds.), Handbook of Perception. Vol. III. New York: Academic Press (1973) 251–272.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Klatzky, R.L., Lederman, S.J., Reed, C.: There’s more to touch than meets the eye: The salience of object attributes for haptics with and without vision. Journal of experimental psychology, Vol. 116, (1987) 356–369.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lederman, S.J., Klatzky, R.L.: Hand Movements: A Window into Haptic Object Recognition. Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 19 (1987) 342–368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lederman, S.J., Klatzky, R.L.: Feeling Through A Probe. Proc. ASME Intl. Mech. Eng. Congress: Dynamic Systems and Control Division (Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environments and Teleoperator Systems), DSC-Vol. 64 (1998)127–131.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fritz, J.P., Barner, K.E.: Stochastic Models for Haptic Texture. Proceedings SPIE International Symposium on Intelligent Systems and Advanced Manufacturing Vol. 3901 (1996) 34–44.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jansson, G., Petrie, H., Colwell, C., Kornbrot, D., Fanger, J., Konig, H., Billberger, K., Hardwick, A., Furner, S.: Haptic Virtual Environments for Blind People: Exploratory Experiments with Two Devices. Intl. Journal of Virtual Reality Vol. 4 (1999) 10–20.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    West, A.M., Cutkosky, M.R.: Detection of Real and Virtual Fine Surface Features with a Haptic Interface and Stylus, Proc. ASME Intl. Mech. Eng. Congress: Dynamic Systems and Control Division (Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environments and Teleoperator Systems) DSC-Vol. 67 (1997) 159–166.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    DiFranco, D., Beauregard, G.L., Srinivasan, M.A.: The Effect of Auditory Cues on the Haptic Perception of Stiffness in Virtual Environments. Proc. ASME Intl. Mech. Eng. Congress: Dynamic Systems and Control Division (Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environments and Teleoperator Systems), DSC-Vol. 61. (1997)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Srinivasan, M.A., Beauregard, G.L., Brock, D.L.: The Impact of Visual Information on Haptic Perception of Stiffness in Virtual Environments. Proc. ASME Intl. Mech. Eng. Congress: Dynamic Systems and Control Division (Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environments and Teleoperator Systems), DSC-Vol. 58 (1996) 555–559.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Rock, I., Victor, J.: Vision and Touch: An Experimentally Cheated Conflict Between the Two Senses. Science 143 (3606), (1964) 594–596.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rock, I., Harris, C.S.: Vision and Touch. Scientific American 217, (1967) 96–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lederman, S.J., Abbott, S.G.,: Texture Perception: Studies of Intersensory Organization Using a Discrepancy Paradigm, and Visual Versus Tactual Psychophysics. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 7(4) (1981) 902–915.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Heller, M.A.: Visual and Tactual Texture Perception: Intersensory cooperation. Perception and Psychophysics 31(4) (1982) 339–344.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kontarinis, D.A., Howe, R.D.: Display of High Frequency Tactile Information to Teleoperators. SPIE Vol. 2057 (1993) 40–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Krueger, L.E.: David Katz’s der Aufbau der Tastwelt (The world of touch): A synopsis. Perception and psychophysics 7(6) (1970) 337–341.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Minsky, M., Lederman, S. J.: Simulated Haptic Textures: Roughness. Proc. ASME Intl. Mech. Eng. Congress: Dynamic Systems and Control Division (Haptic Interfaces for Virtual Environments and Teleoperator Systems), DSC-Vol. 58 (1996) 421–426.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Minsky, M., Ouh-Young, M., Steele, O., Brooks jr., F.P., Behensky, M.: Feeling and Seeing: Issues in Force Display, Proceedings of Symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics (1990) 235–243.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Siira, J., Pai, D.K.: Haptic Rendering-A Stochastic Approach. Proceedings of 1996 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Minneapolis, Minnesota, (1996) 557–562.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven A. Wall
    • 1
  • William S. Harwin
    • 1
  1. 1.The Department of CyberneticsUniversity of ReadingReading RG6 6AYUK

Personalised recommendations