Wire-Tap Channel II
Consider the following situation. K data bits are to be encoded into N > K bits and transmitted over a noiseless channel. An intruder can observe a subset of his choice of size μ < N. The encoder is to be designed to maximize the intruder’s uncertainty about the data given his N intercepted channel bits, subject to the condition that the intended receiver can recover the K data bits perfectly from the N channel bits. The optimal tradoffs between the parameters K, N, μ and the intruder’s uncertainty H (H is the “conditional entropy” of the data given the μ intercepted channel bits) were found. In particular, it was shown that for μ = N − K, a system exists with H ∼ K − 1, Thus, for example, when N = 2K and μ = K, it is possible to encode the K data bits into 2K channel bits, so that by looking at any K channel bits, the intruder obtains essentially no information about the data.
KeywordsTechnical Journal Intended Receiver Noiseless Channel Parity Deck
- Ozarow, L. H., and A. D. Wyner, “Wire-Tap Channel II”, to appear in AT&T Bell Laboratories Technical Journal.Google Scholar