An Efficient Probabilistic Public-Key Encryption Scheme Which Hides All Partial Information

  • Manuel Blum
  • Shafi Goldwasser
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 196)

Abstract

This paper introduces the first probabilistic public-key encryption scheme which combines the following two properties:
  1. (1)

    Perfect secrecy with respect to polynomial time eavesdroppers: For all message spaces, no polynomial time bounded passive adversary who is tapping the lines, can compute any partial information about messages from their encodings, unless factoring composite integers is in probabilistic polynomial time.

     
  2. (2)

    Efficiecy: It compares favorably with the deterministic RSA public-key cryptosystem in both encoding and decoding time and bandwidth expansion.

     

The security of the system we propose can also be based on the assumption that the RSA function is intractable, maintaining the same cost for encoding and decoding and the Same data expansion. This implementation may have advantages in practice.

Key Words

probabilistic encryption partial information integer factorization passive adversaries chosen cyphertext attack 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manuel Blum
    • 1
  • Shafi Goldwasser
    • 2
  1. 1.Computer Science DepartmentUniversity of California at BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Laboratory for Computer ScienceMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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