Exporting Vector Muscles for Facial Animation

  • The Duy Bui
  • Dirk Heylen
  • Mannes Poel
  • Anton Nijholt
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2733)


In this paper we introduce a method of exporting vector muscles from one 3D face to another for facial animation. Starting from a 3D face with an extended version of Waters’ linear muscle system, we transfer the linear muscles to a target 3D face. We also transfer the region division, which is used to increase the performance of the muscle as well as to control the animation. The human involvement is just as simple as selecting the faces which shows the most natural facial expressions in the animator’s view. The method allows the transfer of the animation to a new 3D model within a short time. The transferred muscles can then be used to create new animations.


Radial Basis Function Target Face Muscle Model Radial Basis Function Facial Animation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • The Duy Bui
    • 1
  • Dirk Heylen
    • 1
  • Mannes Poel
    • 1
  • Anton Nijholt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of TwenteThe Netherlands

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