Optical Solitons pp 265-297

Optical Fiber Soliton Lasers

  • G. E. Town
  • N. N. Akhmediev
  • J. M. Soto-Crespo
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 613)

Abstract

Experimental and theoretical developments in optical fiber soliton lasers are reviewed. We first review the fundamentals of optical fiber soliton lasers from an experimental viewpoint, including soliton generation and control mechanisms, and highlight the similarities between developments in soliton fiber lasers and soliton transmission systems. We then review the mathematical theory of soliton lasers based on a master equation description, highlighting some interesting solutions and recent results concerning soliton stability.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J.D. Kafka, T. Baer: Opt. Lett. 12, 181 (1987)ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    P.W. France, (ed.): Optical fiber Lasers and Amplifiers (CRC Press, 1991)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. Desurvire: Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 1994)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.F. Digonnet, (ed.): Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, 2nd edn. (Marcel Dekker, 2001)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D.B. Mortimore: J. Lightwave Technol. 6, 1217 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Kashyap: Fiber Bragg Gratings (Academic Press, 1999)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Othonos: Fiber Bragg Gratings: Fundamentals and Applications in Telecommunications and Sensing (Artech House, 1999)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    G.T. Harvey, L.F. Mollenauer: Opt. Lett. 18, 107 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    X. Shan, D. Cleland, A. Ellis: Electron. Lett. 28, 182 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. Agrawal: Nonlinear Fiber Optics 3rd edn. (Academic Press, 1989)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A.B. Grudinin, D.J. Richardson, D.N. Payne: Electron. Lett. 28, 67 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Romagnoli, M. Midrio, P. Franco, F. Fontana: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1732 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Hasegawa, Y. Kodama: Opt. Lett. 15, 1443 (1990)ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K.J. Blow, N.J. Doran NJ: IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3 369 (1991)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    S.M.J. Kelly, K. Smith, K.J. Blow, N.J. Doran: Opt. Lett. 16, 1337 (1991)ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    N. Pandit, D.U. Noske, S.M.J. Kelly, J.R. Taylor: Electron. Lett. 28, 455 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    N.J. Smith, K.J. Blow, I. Andonovic: J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1329 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J.P. Gordon: Opt. Lett. 8, 596 (1983)ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J.P. Gordon: Opt. Lett. 11, 662 (1986)ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J.P. Gordon, H.A. Haus: Opt. Lett. 11, 665 (1986)ADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J.P. Gordon: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 91 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Nakazawa, H. Kubota, E. Yamada, K. Suzuki: Electron. Lett. 28, 1099 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    E. Yamada, M. Nakazawa: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1842 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. Mecozzi, J.D. Moores, H.A. Haus, Y. Lai: Opt. Lett. 16, 1841 (1991)ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    L.F. Mollenauer, J.P. Gordon, S.G. Evangelides: Opt. Lett. 17, 1575 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    C. Kurtzke: IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1250 (1993)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    W. Forysiak, F.M. Knox, N.J. Doran: Opt. Lett. 19, 174 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J.D. Kafka, T. Baer, D.W. Hall: Opt. Lett. 14, 1269 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, U. Keller: J. Opt. Soc. Am. 12, 486 (1995)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    D.J. Richardson, R.I. Laming, D.N. Payne, V. Matsas, M.W. Phillips: Electron. Lett. 27, 542 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    I.N. Duling: Electron. Lett. 27, 544 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. Hofer, M.E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M.H. Ober, A.J. Schmidt: Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991)ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    V.J. Matsas, T.P. Newson, D.J. Richardson, D.N. Payne: Electron. Lett. 28, 1391 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    E.A. De Souza, C.E. Soccolich, W. Pleibel, R.H. Stolen, J.R. Simpson, D.J. Di-Giovanni: Electron. Lett. 29, 447 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    F.X. Kärtner, U. Keller: Opt. Lett. 20, 16 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    G. Town, M. Sceats, and S. Poole: (Proceedings, 17th Australian Conference on Optical fiber Technology, Hobart, November, 1992) pp. 154Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    K. Tamura, C.R. Doerr, H.A. Haus, E.P Ippen: IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 697 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    H. Sabert, E. Brinkmeyer: Electron. Lett. 29, 2122 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    F. Fontana, L. Bossalini, P. Franco, M. Midrio, M. Romagnoli, S. Wabnitz: Electron. Lett. 30, 321 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    K. Tamura, E.P. Ippen, H.A. Haus, L.E. Nelson: Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    A.E. Siegman: Lasers, (Oxford University Press, 1986)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    K.S. Abedin, M. Hyodo, N. Onodera: Electron. Lett. 36, 1185 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    N.J. Doran, D. Wood: Opt. Lett. 13, 56 (1988)ADSGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    M.E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. Hofer, H. Hochreiter: Opt. Lett. 15, 752 (1990)ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    R.H. Stolen, J. Botineau, A. Ashkin: Opt. Lett. 7, 512 (1982)ADSGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    L.F. Mollenauer, R.H. Stolen: Opt. Lett. 9, 13 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    E.P. Ippen, H.A. Haus, L.Y. Liu: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1736 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    N. Finlayson, B.K. Nayar, N.J. Doran: Opt. Lett. 17, 112 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    N.J. Doran, D.S. Forrester, B.K. Nayar: Electron. Lett. 25, 267 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    K.J. Blow, N.J. Doran, B.K. Nayar: Opt. Lett. 14, 754 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    B.K. Nayar, K.J. Blow, N.J. Doran: Opt. Comput. & Process. 1, 81 (1991)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    K.J. Blow, N.J. Doran, S.J.D Phoenix: Opt. Comm. 88, 137 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    M.E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter: Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1315 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    H.G. Winful: Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 213 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    C.R. Menyuk: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2674 (1989)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    M. Hofer, M.H. Ober, F. Haberl, M.E. Fermann: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 720 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    K. Tamura, C.R. Doerr, L.E. Nelson, H.A. Haus, E.P. Ippen: Opt. Lett. 19, 46 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    F.X. Kärtner, I.D. Jung, U. Keller: IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 540 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Aus der Au: IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum. Electron. 2, 435 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    W.H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P.R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A.J. Seeds, D.N. Payne: IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 35 (1993)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    W.H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P.R. Morkel, R. Grey, A.J. Seeds, D.N. Payne: Electron. Lett. 29, 808 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    B.C. Barnett, L. Rahman, M.N. Islam, Y.C. Chen, P. Bhattacharya, W. Riha, K.V. Reddy, A.T. Howe, K.A. Stair, H Iwamura, S.R. Friberg, T. Mukai: Opt. Lett. 20 471 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    R. Paschotta, U. Keller: Appl. Phys. B B73,653 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    N.N. Akhmediev, J.M. Soto-Crespo, S.T. Cundi., B.C. Collings, W.H. Knox: Opt. Lett. 23, 852 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    M.J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies, H.H. Tan, C. Jagadish, N.N. Akhmediev, J.M. Soto-Crespo: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 895 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    L.F. Mollenauer, E. Lichtman, M.J. Neubelt, G.T. Harvey: Electron. Lett. 29, 910 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    H. Sabert, E. Brinkmeyer: J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1360 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    M. Romagnoli, S. Wabnitz, P. Franco, M. Midrio, F. Fontana, G.E. Town: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 72 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    M. Romagnoli, S. Wabnitz, P. Franco, M. Midrio, L. Bossalini, F. Fontana: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 938 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    T.F. Carruthers, I.N. Duling, M.L. Dennis: Electron. Lett. 30, 1051 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    G. Town, J. Chow, M. Romagnoli: Electron. Lett. 31, 1452 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    N.J. Smith, F.M. Knox, N.J. Doran, K.J. Blow, I. Bennion: Electron. Lett. 32, 54 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    S. Namiki, H.A. Haus: IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    B. Bakhshi, P.A. Andrekson, X. Zhang: Opt. Fiber Technol. 4,293 (1998)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Waiyapot S, Matsumoto M. Opt. Commun. 188,167 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    G. Town, J. Chow, K. Sugden, I. Bennion, M. Romagnoli: J. Electric. & Electron. Eng. Aust. 15, 267 (1995)Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    G.E. Town, J. Chow, A. Robertson, and M. Romagnoli: Electro-Optics— Europe (CLEO-Europe’ 96), Postdeadline paper CPD2.10, Hamburg, September 1996Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    G.E. Town, K. Sugden, J.A.R. Williams, I. Bennion, S.B. Poole: IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 78 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    H. Haus: J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3049 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    P.A. Belanger: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2077 (1991)ADSGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    A.I. Chernykh, S.K. Turitsyn: Opt. Lett. 20, 398 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    J.D. Moores: Opt. Comm. 96, 65 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    N.N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz: Solitons: Nonlinear Pulses and Beams (Chapman & Hall, 1997)Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    C.-J. Chen, P.K.A. Wai, C.R. Menyuk: Opt. Lett. 19, 198 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    N.N Akhmediev, A.V. Buryak, J.M. Soto-Crespo: Opt. Comm. 112, 278 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    N.N Akhmediev, A.V. Buryak, J.M. Soto-Crespo, D.R. Andersen: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 434 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    S.T. Cundi., B.C. Collings, W.H. Knox: Opt. Express 1, (1997)Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    I. Gabitov, E.G. Shapiro, S.K. Turitsyn: Phys. Rev. E 55, 3624 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    A. Hasegawa: Physica D 123, 267 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Y. Kodama, S. Kumar, A. Maruta: Opt. Lett. 22, 1689 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    J.N. Kutz, P. Holms, S. Evangelides, J. Gordon: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 87 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    J. Nijhof, N.J. Doran, W. Forysiak, F.M. Knox: Elect. Lett. 33, 1726 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    M.J. Ablowitz, G. Biondini: Opt. Lett. 23, 1668 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    J.P. Gordon, L.F. Mollenauer: Opt. Lett. 24, 223 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    S.T. Cundi., J.M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev: Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 073903 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    N.R. Pereira, L. Stenflo: Phys. Fluids 20, 1733 (1977)MATHADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    K. Nozaki, N. Bekki: Phys. Soc. Japan. 53, 1581 (1984)ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    P.-A. Bélanger, L. Gagnon and C. Paré: Opt. Lett. 14, 943 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    R. Conte, M. Musette: Physica D 69, 1 (1993)MATHADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    N.N. Akhmediev, V.V. Afanasjev, J.M. Soto-Crespo: Phys. Rev. E 53, 1190 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    J.M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, G. Town: Opt. Comm. 199, 283 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    N. Akhmediev, J.M. Soto-Crespo, G. Town: Phys. Rev. E 63, 056602 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    J.M. Soto-Crespo, N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz: Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2937 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    N.N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, M.J. Lederer, B. Luther-Davies: Opt. Lett. 23, 280 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    V.S. Grigoryan, T.C. Muradyan: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1757 (1991)ADSGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    N.N. Akhmediev: General Theory of Solitons. In: Soliton-driven Photonics, ed. by A.D. Boardman A.P. Sukhorukov (Kluver, 2001) pp. 371Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    N. Akhmediev, J.M. Soto-Crespo: In: Proceedings of SPIE, 3666, 307 (1999)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    V.V. Afanasjev, N. Akhmediev, J.M. Soto-Crespo: Phys. Rev. E 53, 1931 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    A.A. Kolokolov: Zh. Prikl. Mekh. Tekh. Fiz. 3, 426 (1973)Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    C.K.R.T. Jones, J.V. Moloney: Phys. Lett. A 117, 175 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    M. Grillakis, J. Shatah, W. Strauss: J. Funct. Analysis 74, 160 (1987)MATHMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    A.A. Kolokolov, A.I. Sukov: J. Appl. Mech. Tech. Phys. 4, 519 (1975)ADSGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    N.N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, H.T. Tran: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 230–236 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    T. Kapitula, B. Sandstede: Physica D 124, 58 (1998); Physica D 116, 95 (1998)MATHADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. E. Town
    • 1
  • N. N. Akhmediev
    • 2
  • J. M. Soto-Crespo
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ElectronicsMacquarie UniversityAustralia
  2. 2.Optical Sciences Centre, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Institute of Advanced StudiesAustralian National UniversityAustralia
  3. 3.Consejo Superior de Investigaciones ScientificInstituto de OpticaMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations