Advertisement

Microbial Endophytes of Orchid Roots

  • Paul Bayman
  • J. Tupac Otero
Part of the Soil Biology book series (SOILBIOL, volume 9)

Keywords

Mycorrhizal Fungus Endophytic Fungus Orchid Seed Terrestrial Orchid Epiphytic Orchid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alconero R (1969) Mycorrhizal synthesis and pathology of Rhizoctonia solani in Vanilla orchid roots. Phytopathology 59:526–530Google Scholar
  2. Andersen TF, Rasmussen HN (1996) The mycorrhizal species of Rhizoctonia. In: Sneh B, Jabaji-Hare S, Neate S, Dijst G (eds) Rhizoctonia species: taxonomy, molecular biology, ecology, pathology and disease control. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 379–390Google Scholar
  3. Arditti J, Ernst R, Yam TW, Glabe C (1990) The contribution of orchid mycorrhizal fungi to seed germination: a speculative review. Lindleyana 5:249–255Google Scholar
  4. Arnold AE, Maynard Z, Gilbert G, Coley PD, Kursar TA (2000) Are tropical fungal endophytes hyperdiverse? Ecol Lett 3:267–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Arnold AE, Maynard Z, Gilbert GS (2001) Fungal endophytes in dicotyledonous neotropical trees: patterns of abundance and diversity. Mycol Res 105:1502–1507Google Scholar
  6. Bayman P, Lebrón LL, Tremblay RL, Lodge DJ (1997) Fungal endophytes in roots and leaves of Lepanthes (Orchidaceae). New Phytol 135:143–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bayman P, González EJ, Fumero JJ, Tremblay RL (2002) Are fungi necessary? How fungicides affect growth and survival of the orchid Lepanthes rupestris in the field. J Ecol 90:1002–1008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bernard N (1909) L’évolution dans la symbiose. Le orchidées et leurs champignons commensaux. Ann Sci Nat Bot 9:1–196Google Scholar
  9. Bidartondo MI, Burghardt B, Gebauer G, Bruns TD, Read DJ (2004) Changing partners in the dark: isotopic and molecular evidence of ectomycorrhizal liaisons between forest orchids and trees. Proc R Soc Lond B 271:1799–1806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brighigna L, Montaini P, Favilli F, Carabez-Trejo A (1992) Role of thenitrogen-fixing bacterial microflora in the epiphytism of Tillandsia (Bromeliaceae). Am J Bot 79:723–727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bronstein JL, Wilson WG, Morris WF (2003) Ecological dynamics of mutualist/antagonist communities. Am Nat 162:S24–S39PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bruns TD, Szaro TM, Gardes M, Cullings KW, Pan JJ, Taylor DL, Horton TR, Kretzer A, Garbelotto M, Li Y (1998) A sequence database for the identification of ectomycorrhizal basidiomycetes by phylogenetic analysis. Mol Ecol 7:257–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Burgeff H (1959) Mycorrhiza of orchids. In: Withner CL (ed) The orchids: a scientific survey. Ronald, New York, pp 361–395Google Scholar
  14. Campbell EO (1962) The mycorrhiza of Gastrodia cunninghamii Hook. Trans R Soc N Z 1:289–296Google Scholar
  15. Campbell EO (1964) The fungal association in a colony of Gastrodia sesamoides. R. Br Trans R Soc N Z 2:237–246Google Scholar
  16. Campbell EO (1970a) Morphology of the fungal association in three species of Corallorhiza in Michigan. Mich Bot 9:108–113Google Scholar
  17. Campbell EO (1970b) The fungal association of Yoania australis. Trans R Soc N Z Biol Sci 12:5–12Google Scholar
  18. Carling DE, Pope EJ, Brainard KA, Carter DA (1999) Characterization of mycorrhizal isolate of Rhizoctonia solani from orchid, including AG-12, a new anastomosis group. Phytopathology 89:942–946CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Cha JY, Igarashi T (1996) Armillaria jezoensis, a new symbiont of Galeola septentrionalis (Orchidaceae) in Hokkaido. Mycoscience 37:21–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Chanway CP (1995) Endophytes: they’re not just fungi! Can J Bot 74:321–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Currah RS (1991) Taxonomic and developmental aspects of the fungal endophytes of terrestrial orchid mycorrhizae. Lindleyana 6:211–213Google Scholar
  22. Currah RS, Sigler L, Hambleton S (1987) Newrecords and taxa of fungi from the mycorrhizae of terrestrial orchids of Alberta. Can J Bot 65:2473–2482Google Scholar
  23. Currah RS, Smreciu EA, Hambleton S (1990) Mycorrhizae and mycorrhizal fungi of boreal species of Platanthera and Coeloglossum (Orchidaceae). Can J Bot 68:1171–1181Google Scholar
  24. Currah RS, Zelmer CD, Hambleton S, Richardson KA (1997) Fungi from orchid mycorrhizas. In: Arditti J, Pridgeon A (eds) Orchid biology: reviews and perspectives, VII. Kluwer, Lancaster, pp 117–170Google Scholar
  25. Darwin C (1887) The various contrivances by which orchids are fertilized by insects, 2nd edn. William Clowes and Sons, LondonGoogle Scholar
  26. Dressler RL (1990) The orchids: natural history and classification. Harvard University Press, Cambridge MAGoogle Scholar
  27. Dreyfuss M, Petrini O (1984) Further investigations on the occurrence and distribution of endophytic fungi in tropical plants. Bot Helv 94:33–40Google Scholar
  28. Fan L, Guo S, Cao W, Xiao P, Xu J, Fan L, Guo SX, Cao WQ, Xiao PG, Xu JT (1996) Isolation, culture, identification and biological activity of Mycena orchidicola sp. nov. in Cymbidium sinense (Orchidaceae). Acta Mycol Sin 15:251–255Google Scholar
  29. Fernando AA, Currah RS (1995) Leptodontidium orchidicola (Mycelium radicis atrovirens complex): aspects of its conidiogenesis and ecology. Mycotaxon 54:287–294Google Scholar
  30. Fernando AA, Currah RS (1996) A comparative study of the effects of the root endophytes Leptodontidium orchidicola and Phialocephala fortinii (Fungi Imperfecti) on the growth of some subalpine plants in culture. Can J Bot 74:1071–1078Google Scholar
  31. Fröhlich J, Hyde KD (1999) Biodiversity of palm fungi in the tropics: are global fungal diversity estimates realistic? Biodivers Conserv 8:977–1004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Gamboa MA, Bayman P (2001) Communities of endophytic fungi in leaves of a tropical timber tree (Guarea guidonia: Meliaceae). Biotropica 33:352–360Google Scholar
  33. Gäumann E, Nüesch J, Rimpau RH (1960) Weitere Untersuchungen über die chemischen Abwehrreaktionen der Orchideen. Phytopathol Z 38:274–308Google Scholar
  34. Goh CJ, Sim AA, Lim G (1992) Mycorrhizal associations in some tropical orchids. Lindleyana 7:13–17Google Scholar
  35. Hadley G, Williamson B (1972) Features of mycorrhizal infection in some Malayan orchids. New Phytol 71:1111–1118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Hadley G, Ong SH (1978) Nutritional requirements of orchid endophytes. New Phytol 81:561–569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Hadley G, Arditti M, Arditti J (1987) Orchid diseases: a compendium. In: Arditti J (ed) Orchid biology: reviews and perspectives, vol IV. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, pp 261–325Google Scholar
  38. Hallmann J, Quadt-Hallmann, Mahaffee WF, Kloepper JW (1997) Bacterial endophytes in agricultural crops. Can J Microbiol 43:895–914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Hamada M (1939) Studien über die Mykorrhiza von Galeola septentrionalis Reichb. f. neuer Fall der Mykorrhiza-Bildung durch intraradicale Rhizomorpha. Jpn J Bot 10:151–211Google Scholar
  40. Hamada M, Nakamura SI (1963) Wurzelsymbiose von Galeola altissima Reichb. F., einer chlorophyllfreien Orchidee, mit dem holzzerstörenden Pilz Hymenochate crocicreas. Berk Et Br. Sci Rep Tohoku Univ Ser IV (Biol) 29:227–238Google Scholar
  41. Hamilton G (1999) Insider trading. New Scientist 6:42–46Google Scholar
  42. Hawksworth DL (1991) The fungal dimension of biodiversity: magnitude, significance and conservation. Mycol Res 95:641–655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Hawksworth DL (2000) How many fungi are there? Mycol Res 104:4–5Google Scholar
  44. Hawksworth DL, Rossman AY (1997) Where are all the undescribed fungi? Phytopathology 87:888–891CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Hooper LV, Bry L, Falk PG, Gordon JI (1998) Host-microbial symbiosis in the mammalian intestine: exploring an internal ecosystem. BioEssays 20:336–343PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Jonsson L, Nylund JE (1979) Favolaschia dybowskiana (Singer) Singer (Aphyllophorales), a new orchid mycorrhizal fungus from tropical Africa. New Phytol 83:121–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Jumpponen A (2001) Dark septate endophytes-are they mycorrhizal? Mycorrhiza 11:207–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Kristiansen KA, Taylor DL, Kjoller R, Rasmussen HN, Rosendahl S (2001) Identification of mycorrhizal fungi from single pelotons of Dactylorhiza majalis (Orchidaceae) using single-strand conformation polymorphism and mitochondrial ribosomal large subunit DNA sequences. Mol Ecol 10:2089–2093PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Kuldau GA, Yates IE (2000) Evidence for Fusariumendophytes in cultivated and wild plants. In: Bacon CW, White JF (eds) Microbial endophytes, Dekker, New York, pp 85–117Google Scholar
  50. Kusano S (1911) Gastrodia elata and its symbiotic association with Armillariamellea. J Coll Agric Jpn 9:1–73Google Scholar
  51. Lacap DC, Hyde KD, Liew ECY (2003) An evaluation of the fungal “morphotype” concept based on ribosomal DNA sequences Fungal Divers 12:55–63Google Scholar
  52. Lan J, Xu JT, Li JS (1994) Study on symbiotic relation between Gastrodia elata and Armillariella mellea by autoradiography. Acta Mycol Sin 13:219–222Google Scholar
  53. Lan J, Xu JT, Li J (1996) Study on infecting process of Mycena osmundicola on Gastrodia elata by autoradiography. Acta Mycol Sin 13:219–222Google Scholar
  54. Leake JR (1994) Tansley Review No. 69: the biology of myco-heterotrophic (“saprophytic”) plants. New Phytol 127:171–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Leslie JF, Pearson CAS, Nelson PE, Tousson TA (1990) Fusarium spp. from corn, sorghum and soybean fields in the central and eastern United States. Phytopathology 80:343–350Google Scholar
  56. Lesica P, Antibus RK (1990) The occurrence of mycorrhizae in vascular epiphytes of two Costa Rican rain forests. Biotropica 22:250–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Masuhara G, Katsuya K (1994) In situ and in vitro specificity between Rhizoctonia spp. and Spiranthes sinensis (Persoon) Ames. var. amoena (M. Bieberstein) Hara (Orchidaceae). New Phytol 127:711–718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. McKendrick SL, Leake JR, Read DJ (2000) Symbiotic germination and development ofmycoheterotrophic plants in nature: transfer of carbon fromectomycorrhizal Salix repens and Betula pendula to the orchid Corallorhiza trifida through shared hyphal connections. New Phytol 145:539–548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. McKendrick SL, Leake JR, Taylor DL, Read DJ (2002) Symbiotic germination and development of themyco-heterotrophic orchid Neottia nidus-avis in nature and its requirement for locally distributed Sebacina spp. New Phytol 154:233–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Otero JT, Ackerman JD, Bayman P (2002) Diversity and host specificity ofmycorrhizal fungi from tropical orchids. Am J Bot 89:1852–1858Google Scholar
  61. Peschke HC, Volz PA (1978) Fusariummoniliforme Sheld associationwith species of orchids. Phytologia 40:347–356Google Scholar
  62. Petrini O, Dreyfuss M (1981) Endophytische Pilze in epiphytischen Araceae, Bromeliaceae und Orchidaceae. Sydowia 34:135–148Google Scholar
  63. Porras-Alfaro A, Bayman P (2003) Mycorrhizal fungi of Vanilla: root colonization patterns and fungal identification. Lankesteriana 7:147–150Google Scholar
  64. Pütsep K, Brändén CI, Boman HG, Normark S (1999) Antibacterial peptide from H. pylori. Nature 398:671–672PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Ramsay RR, Dixon KW, Sivasithamparam K (1986) Patterns of infection and endophytes associated withWestern Australian orchids. Lindleyana 1:203–214Google Scholar
  66. Rasmussen HN (1995) Terrestrial orchids from seed to mycotrophic plant. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UKGoogle Scholar
  67. Rasmussen HN (2002) Recent developments in the study of orchid mycorrhiza. Plant Soil 244:149–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Richardson KA (1993) Endophytic fungi from Costa Rican orchids. MSc Thesis, University of Alberta, EdmontonGoogle Scholar
  69. Richardson KA, Currah RS (1995) The fungal community associated with the roots of some rainforest epiphytes of Costa Rica. Selbyana 16:49–73Google Scholar
  70. Richardson KA, Currah RS, Hambleton S (1993) Basidiomycetous endophytes from the roots of neotropical epiphytic Orchidaceae. Lindleyana 8:127–137Google Scholar
  71. Rivas M, Warner J, Bermúdez M (1998) Presence of mycorrhizas in orchids of a neotropical botanical garden. Rev Biol Trop 46:211–216Google Scholar
  72. Roberts P (1999) Rhizonctonia-forming fungi. A taxonomic guide. The trustees of the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, LondonGoogle Scholar
  73. Salmia A (1988) Endomycorrhizal fungus in chlorophyll-free and green forms of the terrestrial orchid Epipactis helleborine. Karstenia 28:3–18Google Scholar
  74. Sanders IR (2003) Preference, specificity and cheating in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Trends Plant Sci 8:143–154PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Schulz B, Römmert AK, Dammann U, Aust HJ, Strack D (1999) The endophyte-host interaction: a balanced antagonism? Mycol Res 103:1275–1283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Selosse M-A, Weiß M, Jany JL, Tillier A (2002) Communities and populations of sebacinoid basidiomycetes associated with the achlorophyllous orchid Neottia nidus-avis and neighboring tree ectomycorrhizae. Mol Ecol 11:1831–1844PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Selosse M-A, Faccio A, Scappaticci G, Bonfante P (2004) Chlorophyllous and achlorophyllous specimens of Epipactis microphylla (Neottieae, Orchidaceae) are associated with ectomycorrhizal septomycetes, including truffles. Microb Ecol 47:416–426PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Sinclair R (1990) Water relations in orchids. In: Arditti J (ed) Orchid biology, reviews and perspectives, vol V. Timber, Portland OR, pp 61–115Google Scholar
  79. Sturz AV, Christie BR, Nowak J (2000) Bacterial endophytes: potential role in developing sustainable systems of crop protection. Crit Rev Plant Prot 19:1–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Taylor DL, Bruns TD (1997) Independent, specialized invasions of ectomycorrhizal mutualism by two nonphotosynthetic orchids. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94:4510–4515PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Taylor DL, Bruns TD (1999) Population, habitat and genetic correlates of mycorrhizal specialization in the ‘cheating’ orchids Corallorhiza maculata and C. mertensiana. Mol Ecol 8:1719–1732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Taylor DL, Bruns TD, Leake JR, Read DJ (2002) Mycorrhizal specificity and function in myco-heterotrophic plants. In: van der Heijden MGA, Sanders IR (eds) Mycorrhizal ecology Ecological studies vol. 157 Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 375–414Google Scholar
  83. Taylor DL, Bruns TD, Szaro TM, Hodges SA (2003) Divergence inmycorrhizal specialization within Hexalectris spicata (Orchidaceae), a nonphotosynthetic desert orchid. Am J Bot 90:1168–1179Google Scholar
  84. Terashita T (1985) Fungi inhabiting wild orchids in Japan (III). A symbiotic experiment with Armillariella mellea and Galeola septentrionalis. Trans Mycol Soc Jpn 26:47–53Google Scholar
  85. Tremblay RL, Zimmerman J, Lebrón LL, Bayman P, Sastre I, Axelrod F, Alers-GarcÍa J (1998) Host specificity and low reproductive success in the rare endemic Puerto Rican orchidLepanthes caritensis. Biol Conserv 85:297–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Tsavkelova EA, Cherdyntseva TA, Lobakova ES, Kolomeitseva GL, Netrusov AI (2001) Microbiota of the orchid rhizoplane. Mikrobiologiya 70:567–573Google Scholar
  87. Tsavkelova EA, Lobakova ES, Kolomeitseva GL, Cherdyntseva TA, Netrusov AI (2003) Associative cyanobacteria isolated from the roots of epiphytic orchids. Mikrobiologiya 72:105–10Google Scholar
  88. Umata H (1995) Seed germination of Galeola altissima, an achlorophyllous orchid, with aphyllophorales fungi. Mycoscience 36:369–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Umata H (1998) A new biological function of shiitake mushroom, Lentinula edodes, in a myco-heterotrophic orchid, Erythrorchis ochobiensis. Mycoscience 38:355–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Umata H (1997a) Formation of endomycorrhizas by an achlorophyllous orchid, Erythorchis ochobiensis, and Auricularia polytricha. Mycoscience 36:369–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Umata H (1997b) In vitro germination of Erythrorchis ochobiensis (Orchidaceae) in the presence of Lyophyllum shimeji, an ectomycorrhizal fungus. Mycoscience 38:335–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Umata H (1999) Germination and growth of Erythrorchis ochobiensis (Orchidaceae) accelerated by monokaryons and dikaryons of Lenzites betulinus and Trametes hirsuta. Mycoscience 40:367–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Vandenkoornhuyse P, Baldauf SL, Leyval C, Straczek J, Young JPW (2002) Extensive fungal diversity in plant roots. Science 295:2051PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Vujanovic V, St.-Arnaud M, Barabé D, Thibeault G (2000) Viability testing of orchid seed and the promotion of colouration and germination. Ann Bot 86:79–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Wilkinson KG, Dixon KW, Sivasithamparam K (1989) Interaction of soil bacteria, mycorrhizal fungi and orchid seed in relation to germination of Australian orchids. New Phytol 112:429–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Wilkinson KG, Sivasithamparam K, Dixon KW, Fahy PC, Bradley JK (1994) Identification and characterisation of bacteria associated with Western Australian orchids. Soil Biol Biochem 26:137–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Zelmer CD (1994) Interactions between northern terrestrial orchids and fungi in nature. MSc Thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  98. Zelmer CD, RS Currah (1995) Evidence of fungal liaison between Corallorhiza trifida (Orchidaceae) and Pinus contorta (Pinaceae). Can J Bot 73:862–866Google Scholar
  99. Zelmer CD, Cuthbertson L, Currah RS (1996) Fungi associated with terrestrial orchid mycorrhizas, seeds and protocorms. Mycoscience 37:439–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Bayman
    • 1
  • J. Tupac Otero
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de BiologiaUniversidad de Puerto Rico — Rio PiedrasSan JuanUSA
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciencias AgrícolasUniversidad Nacional de Colombia-PalmiraPalmira, Valle del CaucaColombia

Personalised recommendations