Wood Structural Modifications Caused by Extreme Events


Dense shading is defined as a light intensity of less than 2% of the available sunlight (Larcher 2001). This lack of light inhibits growth in every sense: shoot elongation is reduced; young plants remain small, leaf mass is low and ramification inhibited; the crowns of old pines are reduced in size due to shading from neighbouring trees.


Extreme Event Fagus Sylvatica Picea Abies Compression Wood Tension Wood 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

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