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CONT02 Analysis and Combination of Long EOP Series

  • Daniella Thaller
  • Robert Dill
  • Manuela Krügel
  • Peter Steigenberger
  • Markus Rothacher
  • Volker Tesmer

Summary

This report is divided into two parts: the first part gives an overview of the combination studies performed by the Forschungseinrichtung Satellitengeodäsie TU München (FESG) and the Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut (DGFI) based on the data of the continuous IVS campaign CONT02. The close cooperation of the two institutions established the basis for a detailed adaption of the GPS and the VLBI software concerning models and parameterization to avoid systematic differences between the technique contributions. Special attention was payed to parameters with a high temporal resolution; in this study tropospheric parameters and Earth rotation parameters (ERP) are considered. Including the troposphere parameters offered a good possibility to study the correlation between troposphere parameters and station coordinates. It was found that this interaction can deliver a very important contribution to validate the available local tie information. For comparison of the troposphere results derived for the 14-days campaign CONT02, long time series for VLBI and GPS were used as well, and it turned out that the results are in good agreement. Regarding the sub-daily Earth rotation parameters it can be shown that a combination of the space techniques improves the results compared to single-technique solutions. Furthermore, it is illustrated that UT1-UTC can be combined from VLBI together with the satellite techniques. All in all, the presented results demonstrate the high potential of a combination of VLBI, GPS and SLR data. The second part is devoted to the combination of long sub-daily EOP time series from VLBI and GPS. Space geodetic techniques like the Global Positioning System (GPS) and Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) can provide Earth Orientation Parameter (EOP) time series with very high sampling rates. This offers the opportunity to study sub-daily tidal excitations and the influences of high-frequency or episodic geophysical effects on Earth rotation. Therefore we need sub-daily time series as consistent and homogeneous as possible. Based on the Combined Smoothing method of Vondrak and Cepek (2000), we developed a new combination scheme for sub-daily EOPs to obtain a new sub-daily time series which benefits from the longterm stability of VLBI and the continuity of GPS. Furthermore we can remove the weakness of UT1 estimations of the satellite techniques. We analysed the combination using spectral imaging methods and the results from sub-daily tidal harmonic estimation.

Key words

rigorous combination co-location tropospheric parameters Earth rotation Combined smoothing sub-daily variations tides earthquakes 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniella Thaller
    • 1
  • Robert Dill
    • 1
  • Manuela Krügel
    • 2
  • Peter Steigenberger
    • 1
  • Markus Rothacher
    • 1
    • 3
  • Volker Tesmer
    • 2
  1. 1.Forschungseinrichtung SatellitengeodäsieTechnische Universiät MünchenMünchen
  2. 2.Deutsches Geodätisches Forschungsinstitut MünchenMünchen
  3. 3.GeoForschungsZentrum PotsdamPotsdam

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