Agricultural Drought Mitigation and Management of Sustained Agricultural Development in India

  • Haripada P. Das


Drought is a many faceted natural disaster that leads to serious socioeconomic impacts particularly affecting agricultural production and water supplies. There are two distinct phases in which the application of the knowledge of weather and climate can reduce the impact of drought on the communities. The first is the long term planning in which strategies can be devised, and precautions taken to reduce impact. The second phase is the action taken during the onset of the event to reduce adverse effect. Efforts were made to stabilize dryland agriculture by evolving contingent crop production strategies in rainfed areas of India. Drought management policies included agricultural planning and practices with consideration of overall water requirement within the individual agroclimatic zones.

The ill effects of drought, to a considerable extent, can be alleviated by adopting proper crop management strategies. These strategies may vary from moisture conservation to manipulation of plant population, and even mid-season corrections. Rainfall also can be harvested in either farm ponds or in village tanks and can be recycled. In case of drought mitigation, it was recommended that economies diversify to include agro-industry or various tertiary products, which could create new forms of income. The focus in mitigation should be on measures like improvement in agriculture, management of rangeland, development of water resource and animal husbandry. There is an urgent need to develop appropriate policies and strengthen institutional mechanisms for drought preparedness and mitigation accompanied by concrete programs.


Drought Management Drought Prone Area Drought Mitigation Rainfed Area Water Conservation Practice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abrol IP, Venkateswarlu J (1995) Sustainable development of arid areas in India with particular reference to Western Rajasthan. In: Sen AK, Kar A (eds) Land degradation and desertification in Asia and the Pacific region, Jodhpur: Scientific publisher (India), pp135–153.Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous (1994) Report of the Technical Committee on Drought Prone Areas Programme and Desert Development. Ministry of Rural development, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  3. Barah BC (1996) Traditional water harvesting systems. New Age International Publishers, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  4. Bhatt CP (1987) The Chipko Anadolan: Forest conservation based on people’s power. In: Agarwal A, Darvy D’Monte, Samarth U. The fight for survival — People’s action for environment, Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi, pp 45–55.Google Scholar
  5. Bhatt M (1997) Maintaining families in drought India: The fodder security system of the Banaskhantha Women. In: Fernando P, Fernando V (eds) South Asian Women: Facing disasters, securing life, Duryog Nivaran, pp 35–44.Google Scholar
  6. Das HP (1995) Incidence, impact, monitoring and mitigation of large scale droughts in India. Presented to the Expert Meeting on Drought Monitoring in WMO, Geneva.Google Scholar
  7. Das HP (1999) Management and mitigation of adverse effects of drought phenomenon. In: Sinha DK, Rahim MB (eds) Natural disasters — some issues and concerns. Natural Disasters Management Cell, Visva Bharati, Shantiniketan, Calcutta, India pp 87–103Google Scholar
  8. Das HP (2000) Monitoring the incidence of large scale droughts in India. In: Wilhite DA (ed) Drought A Global Assessment, Vol. 1. Rauteldge London and New York, pp 181–195.Google Scholar
  9. Hounam CE, Burgos JJ, Kalok MS, Palmer WC, Rodda J (1975) ‘Drought and agriculture’, WMO Technical note 138, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, p127.Google Scholar
  10. May LH, Milthorpe FL (1962) ‘Drought resistance of crop plants’, Commonwealth Bureau of Pastures and Field Crops, UK Field Crops Abstracts, pp 171–179.Google Scholar
  11. Narain P, Sharma KD, Rao AS, Singh DV, Mathur BK, Ahuja UR (2000) Strategy to Combat Drought and Famine in the Indian Arid Zone. Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur.Google Scholar
  12. Pandey S, Singh HN, Villano R (1999) Rainfed rice and risk coping strategies: some micro economic evidences from eastern India. Annual Meeting of the American Agricultural Economics Association, Nashville.Google Scholar
  13. Randhwa NS, Venkateswarlu J (1979) Indian Experiences in Semi-Arid Tropics, Prospects and Retrospects. In: Proc. Intl. Symp. on development and transfer of technology. ICRISAT, Patancheru, Hyderabad, A.P.-502324.Google Scholar
  14. Sahni P (2003) Drought profile, management and risk reduction in India. In: Sahni P, Ariyabandu MM (eds) Disaster Risk Reduction in South Asia. Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, pp 299–326.Google Scholar
  15. Sastri ASRAS, Siddique MRH, Urkurkar JS (1990) ‘New approaches for drought management of rainfed rice in Central India’, Drought Network News 2, 1: pp 12–13.Google Scholar
  16. Singh HP (2001) Developing farming systems and best practices for drought prone areas. In: FAO Asia-Pacific conference on Early Warning, Prevention, Preparedness and Man agement of Disasters in Food and Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Regional office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, pp 289–319.Google Scholar
  17. Singh HP, Sharma KD (2002) Drought mitigation and farming system research in India. In: Proc. National Workshop on recent trends in drought assessment, monitoring and management, CSRE, IIT Bombay, pp 30–37.Google Scholar
  18. Subbiah AR (2000) Response Strategies of local farmers in India. In: Wilhite DA (ed) Drought A Global Assessment. Vol. 1. Rauteldge London and New York, pp 29–34.Google Scholar
  19. Venkateswarulu J (1992) ‘Steps to mitigate moisture stress in crop production’, lecture notes of First SERC School on Agrometeorology, Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur (India), 14 September–3 October.Google Scholar
  20. Wilhite DA (1993) Drought assessment, management and planning: theory and case studies. Kluwer Academic Press, Boston, MA.Google Scholar
  21. Williams J (2000) Drought risk management in Southern Africa. Developing institutions to transform ‘belated disaster response’ into informed preparedness. In: Wilhite DA (ed) Drought, A Global assessment, Vol. II. Routledge, London and New York, pp 168–177.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haripada P. Das

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations