Liposuction pp 465-473 | Cite as

Axillary Approach in Suction-Assisted Lipectomy of Gynecomastia



Male Breast Glandular Tissue Pectoralis Major Muscle Breast Enlargement Sertoli Cell Tumor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Lockhart, R.D., Hamilton, G.F., Fyfe, F.W.: Anatomy of the Human Body, 1st Ed. London, Faber and Faber Limited 1959:697Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Babigian, A., Silverman, R.T.: Management of gynecomastia due to use of anabolic steroids in bodybuilders. Plast Reconstr Surg 2001;107(1):240–242PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pensler, J.M., Silverman, B.L., Sanghavi, J., Goolsby, C., Speck, G., Brizio-Molteni, L., Molteni, A.:Estrogen and progesterone receptor in gynecomastia. Plast Reconstr Surg 2000;106(5):1011–1013PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hertl, M.C., Wiebel, J., Schaffer, H., Willig, H.P., Lambrecht, W.: Feminizing Sertoli cell tumors associated with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: an increasingly recognized cause of prepubertal gynecomastia. Plast Reconstr Surg 1998;102(4):1151–1157PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Simon, B.E., Hoffman, S., Kahn, S.: Classification and surgical correction of gynecomastia. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1973;51(1):48–52PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Geschickter, C.H., Copeland, M.: Gynecomastia. In: Geschickter, C.F., Diseases of the Breast. 1st Ed, Philadelphia, J.B., Lippincott & Co. 1943.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Webster, J.P.: Mastectomy for gynecomastia through a semicircular intra-areolar incision. Ann Surg 1946;194:557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Balch, C.R.: Transaxillary incision for gynecomastia. Plast Reconstr Surg 1978;61(1):13–16PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ohyama, T., Takada, A., Fujikawa, M., Hosokawa, K.: Endoscope-assisted transaxillary removal of glandular tissue in gynecomastia. Ann Plast Surg 1998;40(1):62–64PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Abramo, A.C.: Axillary Approach for gynecomastia liposuction. Aesth Plast Surg 1994;18(3):265–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fodor PB. Editorial. Wetting solutions in aspirative lipoplasty. A plea for safety in liposuction. Aesth Plast Surg 1995;19(4):379–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Abramo, A.C., Casas, S.G., Marques, W.B.: Tratamiento de la ginecomastia y pseudoginecomastia. Cir Plast 1997;7:57–61Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Abramo, A.C.: A device to protect the incision in performing liposuction. Plast Reconstr Surg 1994;94(5):743–744PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rosenberg, G.J.: A new cannula for suction removal of parenchymal tissue of gynecomastia. Plast Reconstr Surg 1994;94(1):548–551PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gasperoni, C., Balgarello, M., Gasperoni, P.: Technical refinements in the surgical treatment of gynecomastia. Ann Plast Surg 2000;44(4):455–458PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Abramo, A.C., Viola, J.C.: Liposuction through an axillary approach for treatment of gynecomastia. Aesth Plast Surg 1989;13(2):85–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Steele, S.R., Martin, M.J., Place, R.J.: Gynecomastia: complications of the subcutaneous mastectomy. Ann Surg 2002;68(2):210–213Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Coskun, A., Duzgun, S.A., Bozer, M., Akinci, O.F., Uzumkoy, A.: Modified technique for correction of gynecomastia. Eur J Surg 2001;167(11):822–824PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Peters, M.H., Vastine, V., Knox, L., Morgan, R.F.: Treatment of adolescent gynecomastia using a bipedicle technique. Ann Plast Surg 1998;40(3):241–245PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Khan, J.I., Ho-Asjoe, M., Frame, J.D.: Pectoralis major rupture postsuction lipectomy for surgical management of gynecomastia. Aesth Plast Surg 1998;22(1):16–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tebbets, J.B.: Minimizing complications of ultrasound-assisted lipoplasty: an initial experience with no related complications. Plast Reconstr Surg 1998;102(5):1690–1697CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Cedidi, C.C., Berger, A.: Severe abdominal wall necrosis after ultrasound-assisted liposuction. Aesth Plast Surg 2002;26(1):20–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Troilius, C.: Ultrasound-assisted lipoplasty: is it really safe? Aesth Plast Surg. 1999;23(5):307–311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Young, V.L., PSEF DATA Committee: Power-assisted lipoplasty. Plast Reconstr Surg 2001;108(5):1429–1432PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Post-Graduate Course of Plastic Surgery, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryGeneral Hospital of Beneficência PortuguesaSão PauloBrazil

Personalised recommendations