CityGML: Interoperable Access to 3D City Models

  • Thomas H. Kolbe
  • Gerhard Gröger
  • Lutz Plümer


Virtual 3D city models provide important information for different aspects of disaster management. In this context, up-to-dateness of and flexible access to 3D city models are of utmost importance. Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) provide the appropriate framework to cover both aspects, integrating distributed data sources on demand. In this paper we present CityGML, a multi-purpose and multi-scale representation for the storage of and interoperable access to 3D city models in SDIs. CityGML is based on the standard GML3 of the Open Geospatial Consortium and covers the geometrical, topological, and semantic aspects of 3D city models. The class taxonomy distinguishes between buildings and other man-made artifacts, vegetation objects, waterbodies, and transportation facilities like streets and railways. Spatial as well as semantic properties are structured in five consecutive levels of detail. Throughout the paper, special focus is on the utilization of model concepts with respect to different tasks in disaster management.


Disaster Management Digital Terrain Model City Model Spatial Data Infrastructure Open Geospatial Consortium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas H. Kolbe
    • 1
  • Gerhard Gröger
    • 1
  • Lutz Plümer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Cartography and GeoinformationUniversity of BonnBonnGermany

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