A Comparison of Various Procedures for Global Gravity Field Recovery from CHAMP Orbits
We compare selected techniques for recovering the global gravity field from precisely determined kinematic CHAMP orbits. The first method derives the second derivatives by use of an interpolation polynomial. The second procedure is based on Newton's equation of motion, formulated and solved as a boundary value problem in time equivalent to a corresponding integral equation of Fredholm type. It is applied to short arcs of the CHAMP orbits. The third method is based on the energy balance principle. We implement the analysis of in-situ potential differences following Jekeli's formulation. The normal equations from the three approaches are solved using Tikhonov-type regularization, where the regularization parameter is computed according to a variance component estimation procedure. The results are compared with the recent satellite-only model EIGEN2 and the first GRACE model GGM01s. All methods provide solutions of the gravity field which represent significant improvements with respect to the reference model EGM96 below degree 50. The quality of the solutions differs only slightly.
Key wordsCHAMP gravity field recovery boundary value problem polynomial interpolation energy balance approach
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