Cannabinoids pp 691-717 | Cite as

Cannabinoid Tolerance and Dependence

  • A. H. Lichtman
  • B. R. Martin
Part of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology book series (HEP, volume 168)

Abstract

The use of marijuana for recreational and medicinal purposes has resulted in a large prevalence of chronic marijuana users. Consequences of chronic cannabinoid administration include profound behavioral tolerance and withdrawal symptoms upon drug cessation. A marijuana withdrawal syndrome is only recently gaining acceptance as being clinically significant. Similarly, laboratory animals exhibit both tolerance and dependence following chronic administration of cannabinoids. These animal models are being used to evaluate the high degree of plasticity that occurs at the molecular level in various brain regions following chronic cannabinoid exposure. In this review, we describe recent advances that have increased our understanding of the impact of chronic cannabinoid administration on cannabinoid receptors and their signal transduction pathways. Additionally, we discuss several potential pharmacotherapies that have been examined to treat marijuana dependence.

Keywords

Cannabinoid Dependence Marijuana THC Withdrawal Tolerance Rimonabant Cannabis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. H. Lichtman
    • 1
  • B. R. Martin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology and ToxicologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

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