Extraction of metals from sea water

  • Klaus Schwochau
Conference paper
Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 124)

4 References

  1. 1.
    Brewer, P. G.: Chemical Oceanography (J. P. Riley, G. Skirrow, Eds.) 2nd ed., Vol. 1, p. 415, Academic Press 1975Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Burton, J. D.: Chem. and Ind. 1977, 550Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Förstner, U., Wittmann, G. T. W.: Metal Pollution in the Equatic Environment, 2nd Ed., Springer Verlag 1981Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wilson, T. R. S.: Chemical Oceanography (J. P. Riley, G. Skirrow, Eds.) 2nd ed., Vol. 1, p. 365, Academic Press 1975Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    McIlhenny, W. F.: Chemical Oceanography (J. P. Riley, G. Skirrow, Eds.) 2nd ed., Vol. 4, p. 155, Academic Press 1975Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    McIlhenny, W. F., Ballard, D. A.: Desalination and Ocean Technology (S. Levine, ed.) Dover Publications, New York 1963Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tallmadge, J. A., Butt, J. B., Solomon, H. J.: Ind. Eng. Chem. 56, 44 (1964)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    McIlhenny, W. F.: Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology (A. Standen, ed.), 2nd Ed., Vol. 14, 150, Interscience, New York 1967Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hanson, C., Murthy, S. L. N.: The Chemical Engineer 1972, 295Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Setharam, B., Srinivason, D.: Chemical Engineering World 13, 63 (1978)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Massie, K. S.: Elsevier Oceanography Series, Vol. 24b, 569 (1980)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ogata, N.: Nippon Kaisui Gakkaishi 35, 134 (1981)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Christensen, J. J., McIlhenny, W. F., Muehlberg, P. E., Smith, H. G.: Office of Saline Water Research and Development, Progress Rep. No. 245, Supt. of Documents, Washington, D.C., 1967Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Steinberg, M., Dany, V.-D.: Geological survey professional paper 1005, 79 (1976)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Takeuchi, T.: J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 17, 922 (1980)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Koyanaka, Y., Yasuda, Y.: Suiyo Kaishi 18, 523 (1977)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kitamura, T., Wada, H.: Jpn. Pat. 956532 (1978)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kitamura, T., Wada, H.: Bull. Soc. Sea Water Sci. Jpn. 32, 78 (1978)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kitamura, T., Wada, H., Ooi, K., Takagi, N., Katoh, S., Fujii, A.: Rep. Gov. Ind. Res. Inst. Shikoku 12, 1 (1980)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ooi, K., Wada, H., Kitamura, T., Katoh, S., Sugasaka, K.: ibid. 12, 6 (1980)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wada, H., Kitamura, T., Fujii, A., Katoh, S.: The Chem. Soc. of Japan 1982, 1156Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Aikawa, H., Kato, Y.: Japan. Patents 132,465 to 132,467 (1939)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Cady, W. R., Julien, A. P., Saunders, D. J.: U.S. Pat. 2,764, 472 (1956)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Kane, Y. P., Kamat, B. K.: India Pat. 46,740 (1953)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wiseman, J. V.: U.S. Pat. 2,784,056 (1957)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Nakao, S., et al.: Japan. Pat. 2267 (1952)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kume, T.: Records Oceanog. Works Japan 12, 57 (1957)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Imamura, M., Izawa, S.: Japan. Pat. 8774 (1956)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Inoue, S.: Japan. Pat. 175,522 (1948)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Nakazawa, H., Atsugi, T., Onoe, K.: Japan. Pat. 4026 (1955)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Nakazawa, H.: Japan. Pat. 2615 (1955)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Yamamura, T., Nomiyama, Y.: Japan. Pat. 181,089 (1949)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Sueda, H., Nakahara, S., Yamamura, T.: Japan. Pat. 175,043 (1948)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Tsunoda, Y.: Proc. Int. Symp. Water Desalination 1st, Vol. 3, p. 225 U.S. Dept. of Interior, Washington, D.C. 1967Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Otaya, H., Shibata, T., Myojo, H.: Ann. Rept. Shionogi Res. Lab. No. 2, 116 (1952)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kielland, J.: Ger. Patents 691,366 (1940); 704,545; 704,546; 715,199; 715,200 (1941)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Massazza, F., Riva, B.: Ann. Chim. (Rome) 48, 664 (1958)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Isobe, H., Shimamoto, T.: Japan. Pat. 2271 (1959)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Skogseid, A.: Norwegian Pat. 83, 579 (1954)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Matsushita, H., Takayanagi, T.: Nippon Kaisui Gakkai-Shi 25, 269 (1972)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Piromallo, A.: Ital. Pat. 460,207 (1950)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Schacher, O.: Bull. Res. Council Israel 5C, 100 (1955)Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Akabori, S., et al.: Japan. Pat. 179,562 (1949)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Baumann, W. C.: U.S. Pat. 3,615,181 (1971)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Staab, W. A.: The Compass 24, 5 (1946)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Trauffer, W. E.: Pit and Quarry 30, 43 (1938)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Munakata, E., Suzuki, A.: Japan. Pat. 7,566 (1956)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Myers, C. B.: Brit. Pat. 755,948 (1956)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Schwochau, K., Astheimer, L., Schenk, H. J., Witte, E. G.: Chemiker Ztg. 107, 177 (1983)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Keen, N. J.: J. Brit. Nucl. Energy Soc. 7, 178 (1968)Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Korenaga, T., Motomizu, S., Tôei, K.: Analyst 105, 328 (1980)Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Kiriyama, T., Haraguchi, M., Kuroda, R.: Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 307, 352 (1981)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Hagadone, M., Zeitlin, H.: Anal. Chim. Acta 86, 289 (1976)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Monien, H., Stangel, R.: Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 311, 209 (1982)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Kusaka, Y., Tsuji, H., Tamari, Y., Sagawa, T., Ohmori, S., Imai, S., Ozaki, T.: Radional. Chem. 37, 917 (1977)Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Riley, J. P., Taylor, D.: Anal. Chim. Acta 40, 479 (1968)Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Bielig, H. J., Bayer, E., Califano, L., Wirth, L.: Pubbl. Staz. Zool. Napoli 25, 26 (1954)Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Bayer, E.: Experientia 12, 365 (1956)Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Horne, R. A.: Marine Chemistry, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1969Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Kubo, Y., Nakazawa, N., Sato, M.: Sekiyu Gakkai Shi 16, 588 (1973)Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Sturgeon, R. E., Berman, S. S., Desaulniers, A., Russel, D. S.: Talanta 27, 85 (1980)Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Armitage, B., Zeitlin, H.: Anal. Chim. Acta 53, 47 (1971)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Klinkhammer, G. P.: Anal. Chem. 52, 117 (1980)Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Sturgeon, R. E., Berman, S. S., Willie, S. N.: Talanta 29, 167 (1982)Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Kingstone, H. M., Barnes, I. L., Brady, T. J., Rains, T. C., Champ, M. A.: Anal. Chem. 50, 2064 (1978)Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Roberts, R. F.: Univ. of South Florida, Dissertation (1981)Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Stephens, B. G., Suddeth, H. A.: Anal. Chem. 39, 1478 (1967)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Lee, M.-L., Burrell, D. C.: Anal. Chim. Acta 62, 153 (1972)Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Korenaga, T., Motomizu, S., Tôei, K.: Talanta 21, 645 (1974)Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Danielsson, L.-G., Magnusson, B., Westerlund, S.: Anal. Chim. Acta 98, 47 (1978)Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Lieser, K. H., Gleitsmann, B.: Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 313, 203 (1982)Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Lieser, K. H., Gleitsmann, B.: ibid. 313 289 (1982)Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Kremling, K., Petersen, H.: Anal. Chim. Acta 70, 35 (1974)Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Kiriyama, T., Kuroda, R.: Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 288, 354 (1977)Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Motomizu, S.: Anal. Chim. Acta 64, 217 (1973)Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Kouimtzis, T. A., Apostolopoulou, C., Staphilakis, I.: ibid. 113, 185 (1980)Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Lamathe, J.: ibid. 104, 307 (1979)Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Ármannsson, H.: ibid. 110, 21 (1979)Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Leyden, D. E., Patterson, T. A.: Anal. Chem. 47, 733 (1975)Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Smith, R. G., Windom, H. L.: Anal. Chim. Acta 113, 39 (1980)Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Bayer, E., Fiedler, H.: Angew. Chem. 72, 921 (1960)Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Bayer, E., Fiedler, H., Hock, K.-L., Otterbach, D., Schenk, G., Voelter, W.: ibid. 76, 76 (1964)Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Akama, Y., Nakai, T., Kawamura, G.: Nippon Kaisui Gakkaishi 33, 120 (1979)Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Lo, J. M., Wei, J. C., Yeh, S. J.: Anal. Chem. 49, 1146 (1977)Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Guedes da Mota, M. M., Jonker, M. A., Griepink, B.: Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 296, 345 (1979)Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Florence, T. M., Batley, G. E.: Talanta 22, 201 (1975)Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Abdullah, M. I., El-Rayis, O. A., Riley, J. P.: Anal. Chim. Acta 84, 363 (1976)Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Kim, Y. S., Zeitlin, H.: Separ. Sci. 7, 1 (1972)Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    Kim, Y. S., Zeitlin, H.: ibid. 6, 505 (1971)Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Kim, Y. S., Zeitlin, H.: Chem. Commun. 1971, 672Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Akamu, Y., Nakai, T., Kawamura, F.: Nippon Kaisui Gakkaishi 33, 180 (1979)Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Terada, K., Morimoto, K., Kiba, T.: Anal. Chim. Acta 116, 127 (1980)Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Hiraide, M., Mizuike, A.: Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 48, 3753 (1975)Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    Rothstein, N., Zeitlin, H.: Anal. Letters 9, 461 (1976)Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    Haber, F.: Z. Angew. Chem. 40, 303 (1927)Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    Lancaster, F. H.: Gold Bulletin (Johannesburg) 6, 111 (1973)Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Purkayastha, B. C., Ranjandas, N.: Science and Culture (Calcutta) 31, 403 (1965)Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Mero, J. L.: The Mineral Resources of the Sea, Elsevier Publishing Company, New York, 1965Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    Voyce, D., Zeitlin, H.: Anal. Chim. Acta 69, 27 (1974)Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Sugil, A., Ogawa, N., Hashizume, H.: Talanta 27, 627 (1980)Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    Uranium Resources, Production and Demand. A Joint Report by the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the Internat. Atomic Energy Agency, Febr. 1982Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    Davies, R. V., Kennedy, J., McIlroy, R. W., Spence, R., Hill, K. M.: Nature 203, 1110 (1964)Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Kenn, N. J.: J. Brit. Nucl. Energy Soc. 7, 178 (1968)Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    Ogata, N.: Genshiryoku Kogyo 16, 19 (1970)Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Llewelyn, Y. I. W.: Atom (London 238, 214 1976)Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    Bals, H. G.: Rep. BMFT-FB (UR 1366) (1976)Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Schwochau, K., Astheimer, L., Schenk, H.-J., Schmitz, J.: Rep. Jülich-1415 (1977)Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    Kanno, M.: J. Atomic Energy Soc. Japan 19, 586 (1977)Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    Schwochau, K.: Nachr. Chem. Techn. Lab. 27, 563 (1979)Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    Schwochau, K., Astheimer, L., Schenk, H.-J., Witte, E. G.: Chem.-Ing.-Techn. 51, A 706 (1979)Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Witte, E. G., Astheimer, L., Schenk, H.-J., Schwochau, K.: Ber. Bunsenges. Phy. Chem. 83, 1121 (1979)Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Rodman, M. R., Gordon, L. I., Chen, A. C. T., Campbell, M. H., Binney, S. E.: Rep. XN-RT-14 (1979)Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Campbell, M. H., Frame, J. M., Dudey, N. D., Kiel, G. R., Mesec, V., Woodfield, F. M., Binney, S. E., Jante, M. R., Anderson, R. C., Clark, G. T.: Rep. XN-RT-15 (1979)Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Sugasaka, K.: Kagaku Gijutsushi Mol 18, 25 (1980)Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Kanno, M., Saito, K.: NEUT Research Report 80-08 (1980)Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Best, F. R., Driscoll, M. J. (Eds.): Rep. MIT-EL-80-031 (1980)Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    Miyazaki, H.: Kobunshi Tokyo 30, 193 (1981)Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Baracco, L., Degetto, S., Marani, A., Croatto, U.: La Chimica e l'Industria 63, 257 (1981)Google Scholar
  119. 119.
    Schwochau, K., Astheimer, L., Schenk, H.-J., Witte, E. G.: Chemiker Ztg. 107, 177 (1983)Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Spence, R.: Talanta 15, 1307 (1968)Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    Wilson, J. D., Webster, R. K., Milner, G. W. C., Barnett, G. A., Smales, A. A.: Anal. Chim. Acta 23, 505 (1960)Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    Miyake, Y., Sugimura, Y., Mayeda, M.: J. Oceanogr. Soc. Japan, 26, 123 (1970)Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    Putral, A., Schwochau, K.: unpublished resultsGoogle Scholar
  124. 124.
    Ku, T. L., Knauss, K. G., Mathieu, G. G.: Deep Sea Research 24, 1005 (1977)Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    Schwochau, K., Astheimer, L., Schenk, H.-J., Witte, E. G.: Z. Naturforsch. 37b, 214 (1982)Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    De Biévre, P., Linse, K. H., Schwochau, K.: To be publishedGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Ogata, N., Inoue, N., Kakihana, H.: Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkaishi 13, 560 (1971)Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Graziani, R., Bombieri, G., Forsellini, E.: J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans. 1972, 2059Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    Haigh, C. P.: Rep. R/M/N 787 (1976)Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    Schenk, H.-J., Astheimer, L., Witte, E. G., Schwochau, K.: Sep. Sci. Technol. 17, 1293 (1982)Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Davies, R. V., Kennedy, J., Peckett, J. W. A., Robinson, B. K., Streeton, R. J. W.: AERE-R-5024 (1965)Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    Ogata, N.: Genshiryoku Gakkaishi 11, 82 (1969)Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Astheimer, L., Schenk, H.-J., Witte, E. G., Schwochau, K.: unpublished resultsGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Schwochau, K., Astheimer, L., Schenk, H. J.: 26. IUPAC-Congress Sept. 4–10, Tokyo 1977Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Ogata, N.: Nippon Kaisui Gakkai-Shi 24, 197 (1971)Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    Tani, H., Nakayama, H., Sakamoto, F.: Japan Kokai 75, 134, 911 (1975)Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    Burba, P., Lieser, K. H.: Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 286, 191 (1977)Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    Tabushi, I., Kobuke, Y., Ando, K., Kishimoto, M., Ohara, E.: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 102, 5947 (1980)Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Chen, Y. F.: Bull. Soc. Sea Water Science 36, 24 (1981)Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    v. Falkai, B.: Synthesefasern, Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1981, p. 236Google Scholar
  141. 141.
    Edgington, D. N., Gordon, S. A., Thommes, M. M., Almodovar, L. R.: Limnology and Oceanography, Baltimore 15, 945 (1970)Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    Miyake, Y., Sugimura, Y., Mayeda, M.: J. Oceanogr. Soc. Japan 26, 123 (1970)Google Scholar
  143. 143.
    Sakaguchi, T., Nakajima, A., Horikoshi, T.: Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 53, 211 (1979)Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Astheimer, L., Schenk, H.-J., Witte, E. G., Schwochau, K.: Sep. Sci. Technol. 18, 307 (1983)Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    Egawa, H., Harada, H.: Nippon Kagaku Kaishi 1979, 958Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    Egawa, H., Harada, H., Shuto, T.: ibid. 1980, 1767Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Sugasaka, K., Katoh, S., Takai, N., Takahashi, H., Umezawa, Y.: Sep. Sci. Technol. 16, 971 (1981)Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Inoue, Y., Tsuji, M.: Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan 49, 111 (1976)Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Yamashita, H., Ozawa, Y., Nakajima, F., Murata, T.: ibid. 53, 3050 (1980)Google Scholar
  150. 150.
    Bitte, J., Fremery, M., Bals, H. G.: Rep. MIT-EL-80-031 (1980)Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Schwochau, K., Putral, A.: unpublished resultsGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    Research Commitee on Extraction of Uranium from Seawater. The Atomic Energy Soc. of Japan, Energy Developments in Japan, Vol. 3, 67 (1980)Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    Dia-Prosim, Vitry, France, Technical Data Sheet 0100 A (1977)Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Witte, E. G. et al.: to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    Astheimer, L., Schenk, H.-J., Witte, E. G., Schwochau, K.: Sep. Sci. Technol. 18, 307 (1983)Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    Kanno, M.: Report Nr. MIT-EL-80-031 (1980) p. 47 UGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Nuclear Fuel, Febr. 4, 1980Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    Björk, B., Vallander, P.: Summary Report STU-Project 80-3955 (1981)Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    Bals, H. G.: Metal 33, 401 (1979)Google Scholar
  160. 160.
    Bals, H. G.: Offenlegungsschrift DT 2550751 A1, 26. 05. 1977Google Scholar
  161. 161.
    Muzzarelli, R. A. A., Tubertini, O.: Talanta 16, 1571 (1969)Google Scholar
  162. 162.
    Best, F. R.: Rep. MIT-EL-80-001 (1980)Google Scholar
  163. 163.
    Bitte, J., Graffunder, W.: Rep. UEB-3005-81-11-E (1981)Google Scholar
  164. 164.
    Kanno, M.: Sep. Sci. Technol. 16, 999 (1981)Google Scholar
  165. 165.
    Bitte, J.: Uranerzbergbau, Bonn, Private Communication (May 1983)Google Scholar
  166. 166.
    Koske, P. H., Ohlrogge, K., Denzinger, H.: Meerestechnik 13, 63 (1982)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Schwochau
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of ChemistryNuclear Research Centre (KFA)JülichFRG

Personalised recommendations