Innovative non-invasive method for absolute intracranial pressure measurement without calibration
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A new absolute ICP (aICP) measurement method was designed which does not need calibration. In this study we compared a new method with invasive aICP method in ICU on the patients with closed severe traumatic brain injury.
A new method is based on two-depth TCD technique for aICP and external absolute pressure aPe comparison using the eye artery (EA) as natural “balance”. The intracranial segment of EA is compressed by aICP and the extracranial segment is compressed by aPe applied to the tissues surrounding the eye. The blood flow parameters in both EA segments are approximately the same when aPe=aICP. Two-depth TCD device is used as an indicator of balance aPe=aICP when the pulsatility index of blood flow velocity waveform in intracranial and extracranial segments are the same.
Fifty seven simultaneous invasive and non-invasive aICP measurements were performed in aICP range from 3.0 to 37.0 mmHg. Bland Altman plot of the differences between simultaneous invasive and non-invasive aICP measurements shows the negligible mean difference (mean=0.94 mmHg) with a standard deviation of 6.18 mmHg.
This validation study shows that it is possible to measure aICP non-invasively without calibration of the system with 95% confidence interval of 12 mmHg.
KeywordsNon-invasive absolute intracranial pressure calibration transcranial Doppler traumatic brain injury eye artery
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