Entrapment of crural branches of the common peroneal nerve

  • Francesco Maria Crotti
  • A. Carai
  • M. Carai
  • E. Sgaramella
  • W. Sias
Part of the Acta Neurochirurgica book series (NEUROCHIRURGICA, volume 97)

Summary

Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) occurs in 30% of operated patients and represents a heavy problem both regarding disability and costs in first world countries. Among FBSS we found the possibility of a double crush syndrome: a disco-radicular conflict and a peripheral nerve entrapment. The latter, disguised by root compression symptoms, becomes evident only after spinal surgery. Clinical features are the same as for the restless leg syndrome. We found peroneal nerve crural branches entrapped where they crossed the fascia to reach the subcutaneous layer. Venous stasis during immobility caused presentation of symptoms. Neurolysis was performed, all cases were successful. Most of the patients were found to have myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). MPS patients “feel” entrapments more frequently than others not because of their specific pain tolerance but because they are more prone to develop them.

Keywords

Crural branches peroneal nerve entrapment failed back surgery syndrome lumbar disc hernia myofascial pain syndrome trigger point neurolysis restless leg syndrome 

References

  1. 1.
    Crotti FM (2002) Sindrome da intrappolamento dello sciatico popliteo esterno o peroneo comune. In: Papo I, Villani R et al (eds) Neurochirurgia Clinica. CG Edizioni Medico Scientifiche, Torino, pp 656–657Google Scholar
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    MacKinnon SE, Dellon AL (1988) Surgery of the peripheral nerve. Thieme Medical Publisher Inc, New York, pp 360–368Google Scholar
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    Sypert G, Arpin-Sypert EJ (2004) Evaluation and management of the failed back syndrome. In: Youmans neurological surgery. Elsevier Saunders, New York, pp 4327–4344Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Maria Crotti
    • 1
  • A. Carai
    • 1
  • M. Carai
    • 1
  • E. Sgaramella
    • 1
  • W. Sias
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinica Neurochirurgica dell’Università di SassariSassariItaly
  2. 2.Clinica Neurochirurgica dell’Università di SassariPiazza UniversitàSassariItaly

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