Population Genomics for the Management of Wild Vertebrate Populations

Part of the Population Genomics book series (POGE)


Management of genetic variation in natural populations is necessary to mitigate the effects of environmental change and biodiversity loss. While traditional genetics techniques have aided management of biodiversity, the rapid advancement of genomics technology has provided advancements for the field of biodiversity conservation including increased resolution and identification of adaptive loci corresponding to ecologically relevant phenotypes. In this chapter, we explore how population genomics has been implemented into wildlife management via a literature review and discussions with management and conservation agencies. We discuss the future prospects of population genomics applications in biodiversity conservation and management of wild populations. Overall, we see the potential for population genomics to improve our understanding of wild populations of fish and wildlife and have several important examples that are paving the way for the adoption of these technologies into management. However, there has been a severe lag in the implementation of population genomics data into management decisions, likely due to the length of the research cycle and the slow absorption into regulation and policy.


Biodiversity conservation Evolutionary significant unit Management unit Population genomics Wildlife management 


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© This is a U.S. government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, National Genomics Center for Wildlife and Fish ConservationMissoulaUSA

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