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pp 1-48 | Cite as

Paleogenomics of Animal Domestication

  • Evan K. Irving-Pease
  • Hannah Ryan
  • Alexandra Jamieson
  • Evangelos A. Dimopoulos
  • Greger Larson
  • Laurent A. F. Frantz
Chapter
Part of the Population Genomics book series

Abstract

Starting with dogs, over 15,000 years ago, the domestication of animals has been central in the development of modern societies. Because of its importance for a range of disciplines – including archaeology, biology and the humanities – domestication has been studied extensively. This chapter reviews how the field of paleogenomics has revolutionised, and will continue to revolutionise, our understanding of animal domestication. We discuss how the recovery of ancient DNA from archaeological remains is allowing researchers to overcome inherent shortcomings arising from the analysis of modern DNA alone. In particular, we show how DNA, extracted from ancient substrates, has proven to be a crucial source of information to reconstruct the geographic and temporal origin of domestic species. We also discuss how ancient DNA is being used by geneticists and archaeologists to directly observe evolutionary changes linked to artificial and natural selection to generate a richer understanding of this fascinating process.

Keywords

Ancient DNA Archaeology Domestication Entomology Evolution Genomics Zoology 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evan K. Irving-Pease
    • 1
  • Hannah Ryan
    • 1
  • Alexandra Jamieson
    • 1
  • Evangelos A. Dimopoulos
    • 1
  • Greger Larson
    • 1
  • Laurent A. F. Frantz
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The Palaeogenomics and Bio-Archaeology Research Network, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and History of ArtUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.School of Biological and Chemical SciencesQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK

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