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Population Genomics of Colonization and Invasion

  • Shana R. Welles
  • Katrina M. DlugoschEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Population Genomics book series (POGE)

Abstract

Population genomic analyses can reveal the mechanisms shaping the evolution of colonizing and invasive taxa, as for any species, including the fundamental processes of mutation, genetic drift, gene flow, and selection. Colonization events associated with species introductions, range shifts, and invasions pose a number of unique evolutionary questions, however, for which population genomic approaches are especially well-equipped to answer. These include quantifying the extent of founder effects, genetic bottlenecks, gene flow, and admixture that give rise to successful colonizing populations, identifying the nature and architecture of adaptive variation that resides in these populations (including types of mutations, their effect sizes, and their standing levels of variation), disentangling signatures of adaptation from other mechanisms of evolution, and identifying the ecological traits that have been the targets of natural selection and might be directly involved in the evolution of colonizing ability itself. We address each of these topics in this chapter, highlighting examples of recent research and the potential for population genomics to provide answers to some of the most pressing questions in the biology of colonizing and invasive species.

Keywords

Adaptation Admixture Colonizers Gene flow Genetic drift Invasive species Mutations Phylogeography Population genetics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank B. S. Barker, F. A. Cang, and members of the Dlugosch lab for helpful discussion regarding the information in this chapter. Support was provided by USDA grant #2015-67013-23000 and NSF grant #1550838 to KMD.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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